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Term Definition
宿作外道《佛学大辞典》
(流派)外道十一宗之一。此外道计一切众生受苦乐之报皆由宿世本业之所作,故若于现世持戒精进,受身心之苦,则能坏本业,本业既坏,则众苦灭,故得涅槃。是说宿因现报,虽与佛法之正说不异,然以一切归于宿作不许感现在之功力果(是曰士用因士用果),故以之为邪执也。毗婆沙论百九十八曰:“一切士夫补特伽罗,所有所受无不皆以宿作为因,此非因计因戒禁取,见苦所断。(中略)问:此正法中,亦说所受苦乐过去业为因而非恶见,彼外道亦作是说,何故名恶见耶?答:此正法中说,现所受有以过去业为因,有是现在士用果者。彼说一切皆以过去所作业为因,不说现在有士用果,故名恶见。”真谛译天亲摄论释二曰:“论曰:或执宿作。释曰:路柯耶胝柯说。世间一切因,唯有宿作。现在功力不能感果。故现在非因,如世间二人同事一主俱有功力,一人被礼遇一则不尔,故知唯由宿作,不图现在功力。”华严演义钞八曰:“瑜伽云:何因缘故彼外道作如是见?答:彼见世间。虽具正方便而招于苦,虽具邪方便而致于乐,彼如是思。若由现在士夫作用为彼因者彼当颠倒,由彼所见非颠倒故,是故彼皆以宿作为因。涅槃三十五广破此见。”玄奘译世亲释二曰:“宿作为因者,谓彼不许有士用因,故成邪执。”
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