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Term Definition
十八层地狱《俗语佛源》
“地狱”这一概念是汉末传入中国的。那时,译出专讲“地狱”的经典多达十几种。在梵语中,“地狱”有“苦具”、“不自在”等意义。“地狱”在“六道轮回”中最劣最苦,而“十八层地狱”又是民间熟悉的“重狱”。《问地狱经》上有“十八层地狱”的名称:泥犁、刀山、沸沙、沸屎、黑耳、火车、镬汤、铁床、[山*盖]山、寒冰、剥皮、畜生、刀兵、铁磨、冰地狱、铁栅、蛆虫、洋铜。从理义上讲,眼、耳、鼻、舌、身,意“六识”,造贪,嗔、痴“三毒”,合为十八种地狱苦报,不必拘泥于具体名目。“十八层地狱”之说很早盛传民间。《梁书·诸夷传·扶南国》载:胡人刘萨何暴病而死,经十日复苏,自称游历了十八层地狱。 (李明权)
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