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Term Definition
因相《佛学大辞典》
(术语)阿赖耶识三相之一。意言为万法原因之相。盖第八阿赖耶识,摄持一切种子,能为万法生起之原因也。成唯识论二曰:“此能执持诸法种子令不失故,名一切种,离此余法能遍执持诸法种子不可得故,此即显示初能变识所有因相。”即是。八识之因相,实有六因十因等种类,独执持种子令不失之义,于他为不共之相,故取之为第八识之因相也。盖因相之义,具通于依持因与生起因之二意。今唯以持种之特用为因相者,解之于狭义也。若于广义言之,则第八识中摄藏之诸法种子,亦可名为因相。何则?以种子正为现起诸法之亲因缘法故也。故唯识论述记四,谓:“三相,皆唯为现行之识,虽所生义别,而实无广狭,实通现种。”然论文专以现行之第八识明为因相者,以种子之相,微细而隐故耳。就中若就现行识而言,则因者依持之义,即执持种子为诸法原因之意。又就种子识而言,则因者生起之义,即能为生起诸法原因之意。
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