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Term Definition
浴佛《佛学大辞典》
(行事)与灌佛同。西天于平常行之。中日诸宗于四月八日之佛生日行之。禅家更于十二月八日之佛成道日行之。后汉书陶谦传曰:“每浴佛辄多设饮饭,布席于路。”荆楚岁时记曰:“荆楚以四月八日诸寺各设会,香汤浴佛,共作龙华会。以为弥勒下生之征也。”吴志刘繇传曰:“笮融督广陵彭城,大起浮图祠。以铜为人,黄金涂身,衣以锦采,垂铜槃九重。下为重楼阁道,可容三千余人,悉课读佛经。令界内及旁郡人有好佛者,听受道,复其他役,以招致之。由此远近前后至者,五千余人户。每浴佛多设酒饭,布席于路,经数十里。民人来观及就食,且万人,费以巨亿。”宋书刘敬宣传曰:“八岁丧母。四月八日,敬宣见众人灌佛,乃下头上金镜以为母灌。因悲泣不自胜。”僧史略上曰:“浴佛者,唐义净三藏躬游西域,见印度每日禺中,维那鸣钟,寺庭取铜石等像,于盘内磨香或泥,灌水以叠揩之。举两指灌水于自顶之上,谓之吉祥之水,冀求胜利焉。问:浴佛表何?通曰:象佛生时龙喷香雨,浴佛身也。然彼日日灌洗,则非生日之意。疑五竺多热,僧既频浴,佛亦勤灌耳。东夏尚腊八,或二月四月八日,乃是为佛生日也。”参照“灌佛”条。
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