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Term Definition
在心在缘在决定《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)在于心在于缘在于决定之意也。申言之,即谓自心缘决定三点校量,辨五逆十恶之罪人,仅由临终十念之功而得往生,决不违背业道之理也。按观经等谓若有众生,造五逆十恶等诸不善业者,应堕恶道,多劫间受无量苦,而临命终时,遇善智识教,具足十念,称南无阿弥陀佛,能除八十亿劫生死之罪,即得往生极乐世界。是反于业道如秤重者先牵之理,故往生论注上,由在心在缘在决定之三义比较之,示罪业轻念佛功德重之理。在心者,就能造心之虚实,较量其轻重强弱。即彼造恶之人,依止虚妄颠倒之心而造作,此十念者,闻佛之真实功德,发起净信而称名。一实一虚。譬如千岁之闇室,一灯点来,忽然明朗,念佛已为弥陀之大光明故,一念十念,能照破无明之重昏也。在缘者,就所对境之真妄较量之。即彼造罪之人,以烦恼虚妄之众生,为所缘之对境,此十念者,以佛之真实清净无量功德,为所对之境界也。在决定者,就造业时期之缓急论之。即彼造罪之人,造业在于平常,故造恶后,善无记等之心,续起间隔,而此十念者,命迫须臾,修念之善心,最后猛利,他之后心,续起不间隔也。有此三义,故临终十念之力,能灭诸罪而得往生云。
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