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Term Definition
比丘《佛学常见词汇》
出家受具足戒者的通称,男的叫“比丘”,女的叫“比丘尼”。比丘含有三义,即  一、乞士,就是一面向社会群众乞化饮食,以资维持色身,一面又向慈悲的佛陀乞化法食,以资长养法身。  二、破恶,此恶是指心中的种种烦恼而言,出家人修戒定慧三学,扑灭贪嗔痴等烦恼,以便达到了脱生死的目的。  三、怖魔,六欲天的天魔希望一切众生皆为其魔子魔孙,永远受他的控制,可是出家的佛弟子目的却在跳出三界,以解脱为期,大家都很认真修行,不为天魔外道所扰乱,于是魔宫震动,魔王怖畏起来,故谓之怖魔。
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