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Term Definition
仙《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语曰哩始,Ṛṣi长寿不死之称,总名行者。佛为长寿不死,故亦名仙。十二礼曰:“阿弥陀仙两足尊。”梵语杂名曰:“仙哩始。”名义集上曰:“般若灯论云:声闻菩萨等亦名仙,佛于中最尊上,故名大仙。”
仙人《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语曰哩始,Ṛṣi称外道之高德者为仙人。以其多入山行道故也。仙果已极,得五种通力。故谓为五通仙。又称佛亦曰大仙。大日经疏六曰:“持明仙者,是余药力等所成。悉地持明仙者,皆是专依咒术得悉地人。直云诸仙者,皆是围陀事火之类,劝修苦行成五通神仙。”楞伽经四曰:“大慧!我于此娑呵世界有三阿僧祇百千名号。(中略)或有众生知我如来者。(中略)有知仙人者。”楞严经八曰:“阿难,复有从人不依正觉修三摩地,别修妄念,存想固形。游山林人不及处,有十种仙。(中略)此等皆于人中练心,不修正觉。别得生理,寿千万岁,休止深山或大海岛,绝于人境。斯亦轮回妄想流转。不修三昧,报尽还来,散入诸趣。”参照“仙”条。
仙人园《佛学大辞典》
(地名)鹿野园之异名。
仙人鸟《佛学大辞典》
(名数)青雀之一种。佛将成道,世人皆感此仙人鸟之瑞。大疏九曰:“此时菩萨已到苦行源底,知无义利。受牧牛女人乳糜已,于河中澡浴,相好圆满,尔时去佛道渐近,有无量青雀之瑞,如本行经中广明。此鸟正名操沙,形似青雀而青者,方俗间所谓仙人鸟也。”
仙人鹿园《佛学大辞典》
(地名)鹿野园之异名。
仙人鹿野苑《佛学大辞典》
(地名)即鹿野园。在迦尸国。法显佛国记曰:“复顺恒水西行十二由延,到迦尸国波罗捺城之东北十里许,得仙人鹿野苑精舍。此苑本有辟支佛住,常有野鹿栖宿。世尊将成道,诸天于空中唱言:白净王子出家学道,却后七日当成。辟支佛闻已,即取泥洹,故名此处为仙人鹿野苑。世尊成道以后,人于此处起精舍。”
仙城《佛学大辞典》
(地名)佛之出生地迦毗罗城也。见迦毗罗条。
仙洞《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)仙人所居之山洞也。
仙经《佛学大辞典》
(术语)总名道教之经典,说长生不死之术者。
仙苑《佛学大辞典》
(地名)鹿野苑之异名也。辅行一曰:“鹿群所居故名鹿苑,佛初于此而转法轮。(中略)二仙所住故亦曰仙苑。”见“鹿野园”条。
仙豫《佛学大辞典》
(本生)又曰仙誉。国王名。昔释迦如来为仙豫王时。杀诽谤大乘法之五百婆罗门,婆罗门命终后,生于地狱,悔过,发大乘之信,即生于甘露鼓如来世界。涅槃经十二曰:“我念往昔于此阎浮提作大国王,名曰仙豫,爱念敬重大乘经典。(中略)闻婆罗门诽谤方等,闻已即时断其命根。善男子!以是因缘,从是已来,不堕地狱。”同十六曰:“诸婆罗门命终之后,生阿鼻地狱,即有三念。(中略)于大乘方等经典生信敬心,寻时命终生甘露鼓如来世界。”诸经要集十一曰:“如仙誉国王,杀五百婆罗门生地狱中。发生信心,生甘露国。”
仙道王《佛学大辞典》
(传说)有部毗奈耶四十六曰:“胜音城有王曰仙道,夫人名月光,太子名顶髻。又花子城有王曰影胜,夫人名胜身,太子名未生怨。影胜王以佛之画像赠仙道王,仙道王拜像生信心,以国让太子。至王舍城,与影胜王共诣佛所为比丘,得圣道。后顶髻信佞臣谗,弑仙道比丘。”
仙音《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛之音声非寻常,故曰仙音。楞严经一曰:“伽陵仙音遍十方界。”
仙鹿王《佛学大辞典》
(术语)鹿栖于山,故曰仙。超绝于同类中,故曰王。佛三十二相中,以佛之足比于鹿王之膊。往生要集上末曰:“仙鹿王之膊,千辐轮之跌。”
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