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Term Definition
众《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语僧伽Saṁgha,此译众,旧译家谓四人已上之和合,新译家谓三人已上之和合。天台观经疏曰:“众者,四人已上乃至百千无量。”法华义疏二曰:“四人已上,至万二千人以还悉名为众。”法华玄赞一曰:“众者僧也。理事二和,得众名也。三人已上得僧名故。”见“僧”条。
众事分阿毗昙论《佛学大辞典》
(书名)十二卷,尊者世友造,刘宋求那跋陀罗译。即阿毗达磨品类足论之同本异出。仅有七品。【众事分阿毗昙论】(书名)尊者世友造,宋求那跋陀罗,菩提耶舍共译,十二卷。与阿毗达磨品类足论同本异译,但有七品。
众会《佛学大辞典》
(术语)诸众之会合也。幻士仁贤经曰:“于时目连在众会前。”法华经序品曰:“天龙鬼神等众会之心。”梵语杂名曰:“众会钵刺沙地。”
众佑《佛学大辞典》
(术语)新作世尊,旧作众佑。众德助成,或众福助成之义。玄应音义一曰:“众佑。佑,助也,谓众德相助成也。旧经多言众佑者,福佑也。今多言世尊者,为世所尊也。此盖从义立名耳。”同二十一曰:“众佑,于救切,世尊号也。谓有众德自佑。佑,犹助也,梵言婆伽婆,正言薄迦梵Bhagavat也。”僧史略上曰:“汉末魏初传译渐盛,或翻佛为众佑。”
众僧《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)三人以上和合之比丘,梵云僧伽。译曰众,众僧为梵汉双举之目。
众务《佛学大辞典》
(术语)律于四人已上相合作羯磨,谓之众务。资持记上一之一曰:“众务,谓四人已上羯磨僧。”
众合地狱《佛学大辞典》
(界名)八大热地狱之第三。见“地狱”条。
众同分《佛学大辞典》
(术语)使有情得同等类似果报之因,名为众同分。俱舍论十五曰:“弃舍众同分。”谓人之死也。见同分条。
众喜瑞《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法华六瑞中之心喜瑞也。见“六瑞”条。
众园《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语僧伽蓝摩Saṁgharāma,译曰众园。比丘众依止之园庭也。即寺院是。
众圣《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓小乘初果已上,大乘初地已上之断惑证理诸圣人也。唯识枢要上本曰:“道超群典,誉光众圣。”行宗记上之一曰:“众圣非一。”
众圣点记《佛学大辞典》
(术语)持善见律毗婆沙之师资相传也。佛入灭以来每岁安居竟记一点,故名众圣点记。出三藏记十一善见律毗婆沙记曰:“仰惟佛世尊泥洹已来年载,至七月十五日受岁竟,于众前谨下一点,年年如此。感慕心悲,不觉流泪。”历代三宝记十一曰:“外国沙门僧伽跋陀罗,齐言僧贤(善见律译者),师资相传云:佛涅槃后,优波离既结集律藏讫,即于其年七月十五日受自恣竟,以香华供养律藏,便下一点置律藏前,年年如是。优波离欲涅槃持付弟子陀写俱,陀写俱欲涅槃付弟子须俱。(中略)如是师师相付至今三藏法师,三藏法师将律藏至广州,舶反还去,以律藏付弟子僧伽跋陀罗,罗以永明六年共沙门僧猗于广州竹林寺译出此善见毗婆沙。因共安居。以永明七年庚午岁七月半夜受自恣竟。如前师法,以香华供养律藏讫,即下一点。当其年计得九百七十五点,点是一年。赵伯休,梁大同元年,于庐山值苦行律师弘度,得此佛涅槃后众圣点记,年月讫齐永明七年。伯休语弘度曰:自永明七年以后云何不复见点?弘渡答云:自此已前皆是得道圣人手自下点,贫道凡夫止可奉持顶戴而已,不敢辄点。伯休因此旧点下推至梁大同九年癸亥岁,合得一千二十八年。房(三藏记之著者)依伯休所推,从大同九年至今开皇十七年丁已岁,合得一千八十二年。若然则是如来灭度始出千年,去圣尚迩,深可庆欢。”依此记则周敬王三十五年,西历纪元前四百八十五年,是佛入灭之年也。
众宝观音《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)三十三观音之一。坐地上,右手按地,立左手安于左膝,现长者身。
众寮《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅林,众僧依止之寮舍也。
众徒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)总称持戒之清僧曰众徒。
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