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Term Definition
优伽《佛学大辞典》
(书名)本行集经十一曰:“优伽,隋言严炽。”梵Ulkā。
优伽赊国钵《佛学大辞典》
(物名)或云忧伽赊,或云乌伽赊,皆一也。诸比丘得此国贵好瓦钵,不敢受,佛听受畜。
优填《佛学大辞典》
(人名)见优填王项。
优填王《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Udayana,旧称优填,于阗。新称优陀延,邬陀衍那,嗢陀演那伐蹉。拘睒弥国王名。译曰出爱。西域记五曰:“邬陀衍那王,唐言出爱,旧云优填王,讹也。”释迦方志上曰:“邬陀衍那王,古优陀延也,唐云出爱。”瑜伽略纂十六曰:“云出爱王者,即旧言优填王也,正本音言嗢陀演那(此云出)伐蹉(此云爱)揭剌阇(此云王),云优填者,讹也。”心地观经一曰:“于阗王。”
优填王作佛形像经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说作佛形像经之别名。一卷,失译。佛以优填王之问说作像之功德者。
优填王经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说优填王经。一卷,西晋法炬译。此经与佛说大乘日子王所问经共为大宝积经九十七卷优陀延王会之异译,优填王之正后归佛,得须陀洹果,王信无比夫人之谮欲杀之,发三箭,而箭还住于王顶上之空中。王大惊悔,与无比夫人共来佛所忏罪。佛为说大夫及夫人之道。
优填王造佛像《佛学大辞典》
(传说)释尊,一夏九旬,升忉利天为母说法,不远阎浮。时拘睒弥国优填王思慕之。以牛头栴檀造如来像高五尺,如来自天宫还,刻檀之像,立而迎之。故世尊于彼像嘱末世之教化。见增一阿含经二十八,西域记五,经律异相六。又佛上天时,优填王铸金作像云。见观佛三昧经六。
优多《佛学大辞典》
(术语)陷人于暗坑之法。戒疏与咸注中曰:“优多者,律中作无烟火坑,以土覆上,令人陷死。”梵Gūḍha。
优多罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Uttara,人名。译曰上。百缘经五曰:“佛在王舍城迦兰陀竹林。时彼国中,有一长者,其妇怀妊。满足十月,生一男儿,端正殊妙,世所希有。父母欢喜,因为立字,名优多罗。”
优多罗僧《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)见“郁多罗僧”条。
优多罗摩纳《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Uttaramanas,婆罗门名。译曰上志。大梵志之贵族。见慧上菩萨问大善权经下。
优娄佉《佛学大辞典》
(人名)见“优楼迦”条。
优婆塞《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Upāsaka,旧称优婆塞,伊蒲塞。新称邬波索迦,优波娑迦,优婆娑柯,邬波塞迦,邬波素迦等。译曰清信士,近事男,善宿男等。亲近奉事三宝之义。总称受五戒之男子。四众之一。七众之一。西域记九曰:“邬波索迦,唐言近事男,旧曰伊蒲塞,又曰优波塞,皆讹也。”玄应音义二十一曰:“邬波索迦,或言优波娑迦,近侍也,言优婆塞者,讹也。此云近善男,亦云近宿男,谓近三宝而住宿也,或言清信士善宿男者义译也。”同二十三曰:“邬波索迦,亦云优婆娑柯,受三归住五戒者。优婆,此云受。娑柯,此云男。”希麟音义五曰:“乌波塞迦,旧云优婆塞,新云邬波索迦。邬波,此云近。迦,此云事。索,即男声也。即近事男也。谓亲近承事三宝者故云。”华严疏钞六十二曰:“亲近比丘而承事故。”业疏二下曰:“正音云邬波塞迦,唐翻善宿也。故成论云:此人善能离破戒宿,古录以为清信士者。清是离过之名,信为入道之本,士即男子通称,取意得矣。在言少异。”涅槃经八曰:“归依于佛者,真名优婆塞。”
优婆塞五戒威仪经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,宋求那跋摩译。与昙无谶译之菩萨戒本经,玄奘译之菩萨戒本,同本异译。记菩萨戒之戒相者。五戒者为五邪命五放逸事等。非杀,盗等五戒。大乘律之摄。
优婆塞五戒相经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说优婆塞五戒相经一卷,宋求那跋摩译。依净饭王之请,分别五戒之相。小乘律之摄。
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