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Term Definition
修习位《佛学大辞典》
(术语)唯识修道五位之第四。见“五位”条。
修习力《佛学大辞典》
(术语)二力之一。
修习止观坐禅法要《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,天台智顗撰。一名童蒙止观。又名小止观。
修习般若波罗密菩萨观行念诵仪轨《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,唐不空译。
修伽度《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“修伽陀”条。
修伽陀《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Sugata,又作修伽度。译曰好去,好说,善逝。如来十号之一。去生死而归于涅盘,故曰好去,善逝。好说法,故曰好说。智度论二曰:“修伽陀。修,秦言好。伽陀或言去,或言说。是名好去好说。好去者,佛一切智为大车八正道行入涅槃,是名好去。好说者,如诸法实相说,不着法爱说。”玄应音义四曰:“修伽陀,或云修伽度。慧印三时经,译云善逝。此如来德之一号也。”
修利《佛学大辞典》
(异类)夜叉名。译曰日。见孔雀经下。
修善《佛学大辞典》
(术语)断恶行善也。又对于性善之称,本有之善曰性善,修成之善曰修善。修善即性善,实大乘之通谈也。见“性恶”条。
修因感果《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修善恶之因而感苦乐之果也。嘉祥大经疏曰:“法藏修因感净土果。”灵芝小经疏上曰:“今经即以弥陀修因感果依正庄严不思议为所诠理。”
修坚《佛学大辞典》
(术语)六坚法之一。
修多罗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Sūtra,又作修单罗,修妒路,修多阑,修单兰多。以綖为正翻。谓如以綖(线字同)贯花,使之不散。言教能贯穿法义使不散失,故名之为綖。其余经文谓为契经,经本等者,义译也。新作素怛缆,素呾缆,苏多罗,苏呾罗。译綖或契经。綖之义如前。契经者,契于理,合于机,故曰契。贯穿法相,摄持所化,如经之于纬。故曰经。法华玄义八曰:“修多罗,或云修单兰多,或云修妒路。彼方楚夏,此土翻释不同。或言无翻,或言有翻。”此下就无翻而示含五义,故不可翻,一法本,亦云出生。二微发,亦云显示。三涌泉,四绳墨,五结鬘。就其有翻,亦举五翻。一经,二契,三法本,四綖,五善语教。此中取经之翻。华严探玄记一曰:“修多罗,或云修妒路,或言素怛罗。此云契经。契有二义,谓契理合机故。经亦二义,谓贯穿法相故,摄持所化故。”大乘义章一曰:“修多罗者,中国之言,此方释者,翻译非二。或名经本,或复翻为直说语言,或名契经,或翻名綖。人家所以翻为经本,盖依仁王百论故尔。如仁王中佛告大王,经本偈经乃至论义,一切皆如。以彼经中名修多罗为经本故,人即执此用为翻名。又百论中名其经本为修妒路,或云经本。人复执此定为翻名,盖乃随义以名经体,非正翻名。本义有四:一理教相对,教为理本,故名为本。二就经中经论相对,经为论本,故名为本。(中略)此等乃是随义傍翻,非正翻名,人复所以翻为直说,依成实论故为此释。彼文说言修多罗者,直说语言,人即执此以为翻名,盖乃是其辨释之辞,非正翻名。诃梨跋摩作论,解释十二部经,对彼祇夜伽陀偈经,故指斥言修多罗者直说语言,如似说言热者是火,岂是翻名。人复所以翻名契经,依增一阿含序故,便作此翻。彼言契经是第一藏,毗尼第二,毗昙第三。明知契经是修多罗,又依杂心业品之文,彼文说言,断律仪者如契经品,乃其所指是修多罗品,人即执此以为翻名,斯乃随义以名其经,非是翻名。以其圣教称当人情,契合法相,从义立目,名之为契。此既方言,何用私情种种图度?若正相翻,名之为綖。何以得知?今此且以三门释之:一准定方言,二以义解,三以文证。准方言者,外国之人正名世人缝衣之綖为修多罗,那得异翻。言义解者,诸法星罗,周散法界,所以次第显理在世人不坠不失,良以圣教贯穿故尔。贯法之能如綖贯花,故名为綖。言文证者,如律中如种种花散置案上,风吹则落。何以故?无綖贯故。如是种种名种种性种种家出家令佛法疾灭不久住。何以故?不以经教摄取法故。故目圣教以之为綖。佛法如花,所被众生三业如案,造过非如风,灭法如花零落,若无言说记持彼法,法则隐灭,良以言教记持在世,人虽造过,法常不灭,以有此能,故说如綖。又杂心言修多罗者,名曰结鬘,能贯诸法。贯法犹是綖之义也。”玄应音义二十三曰:“素怛缆,此译云綖。旧言修多罗,或云修妒路,皆讹也。”义林章三本曰:“杂心论云:经有五义,谓出生,涌泉,显示,绳墨,结鬘五义。今大乘解,梵言素呾缆,此名契经。”大日经五曰:“四种苏多罗,谓白黄赤黑。”同疏十五曰:“綖者,梵音名为苏呾缆。是连持众德,令其不散,故名綖。”(大日经云綖即系,非经意)。此修多罗有总别之二称:总修多罗者,三藏中之修多罗藏是也,该摄十二部经。别修多罗者,十二部经中之修多罗部经是也。是于总修多罗中,各以别义分开十一,直说法相。余不收于十一者,取总名而为别名也。

又(物名)真宗各派七条袈裟所用之组纽,名修多罗。是取綖之义也。梵Sūtra。

修多罗王经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)大方等修多罗王经之略名。
修多罗论《佛学大辞典》
(流派)Sautrāntika,经量部也。
修多阑波提那《佛学大辞典》
(流派)小乘十八部之一。译曰经量部。见四分开宗记一。
修妒路《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修多罗之异音也。见“修多罗”条。
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