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Term Definition
偏圆《佛学大辞典》
(术语)判教理胜劣之称。偏者偏僻所说之理偏于空乃至中也。圆者圆满一切具足也。一往配之,则小乘为偏,大乘为圆。然再往论之,则大乘中亦有偏圆,华天所谓圆教独圆,如他之通别二教(台家),终顿二教(严家),偏教也。止观三曰:“偏名偏僻,圆名圆满。”
偏小《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛成道后十二年间之说法,大乘家贬之名曰偏小。谓所说之理偏于空,而法门狭小也。
偏小情《佛学大辞典》
(术语)人法二空中,只知人空一边,未知法空,小乘浅薄之偏见也。
偏执《佛学大辞典》
(术语)偏固执于一边不通于他也。广百论释十曰:“偏执如来破相空教。”梁传三,求那跋摩偈曰:“诸论各异端,修行理无二,偏执有是非,达者无违诤。”
偏教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)偏于一方之教。即权教是也。
偏有执《佛学大辞典》
(术语)偏于万有之有一边而执着之见解也。
偏真《佛学大辞典》
(术语)小乘所说之真理为偏于空之一边者,故曰偏真。一云单空。
偏真空理《佛学大辞典》
(术语)同上。
偏空《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓小乘所谈之空理。以其偏于空之一边也。
偏衫《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)南山旧律家之说,三衣之下覆于左肩之片衣云祇支,覆于右肩之片衣云覆肩衣(义净新律家谓祇支,覆肩,为梵汉两语而一物也),魏代缝合此二物名之为偏衫。截领开裾,犹存本相也。资持记作褊衫。说文:褊、衣也。六物图曰:“此方往古并服祇支,至后魏时始加右袖,两边合谓之褊衫,截领开裾,犹存本相。故知偏衫左肩,即本祇支,右边即覆肩也。”僧史略曰:“后魏宫人见僧自恣偏袒右肩,乃一施肩衣,号曰偏衫。全其两肩两袖,失祇支之体。自魏始也。”释氏要览曰:“偏衫,古僧依律制,祇有僧祇支(此名覆膊,亦名掩腋衣),此长覆左膊及掩右腋,盖衬三衣,故即天竺之仪也(案已上准于新律家之义)。竺道祖魏录云:魏宫人见僧袒一肘不以为善,乃作偏袒,缝于僧祇支上相从,因名偏衫。今开脊接领者盖魏遗制也。”
偏袒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)此有二解:一、谓袒露一臂也。史记,陈胜起穷巷,奋棘矜,偏袒大呼,天下从风。今通称偏护其人曰偏袒。盖自周勃有为吕氏右袒为刘氏左袒之令,后遂沿用袒字为助之义矣。二、佛家所著袈裟。辄偏露一边。谓之偏袒。金刚经所谓偏袒右肩。是也。
偏袒右肩《佛学大辞典》
(术语)挂袈裟而偏袒右肩,是表比丘恭敬尊者之相也。释氏要览曰:“律云:一切供养,皆偏袒,示有便于执作也。”法华经曰:“偏袒右肩,右膝着地。”
偏门《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)非正门,有犯罪者则从此门驱出。见象器笺一。
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