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Term Definition
典客《佛学大辞典》
(职位)知客之异名。见“知客”条。
典宾《佛学大辞典》
(职位)知客之异名。
典座《佛学大辞典》
(职位)禅林主大众床座及斋粥等杂事之役也。僧史略中曰:“典座者谓典主床座九事,举座一色以摄之,乃通典杂事也。”僧祇律六曰:“佛住舍卫城,尔时有比丘名陀骠摩罗子,众僧拜典知九事。九事者:典次付床座,典次差请会,典次分房舍,典次分衣物,典次分花香,典次分果蓏,典次知暖水人,典次分杂饼食,典知随意举堪事人。是名僧拜典知九事(次者次第也,次第付与,次第差择也)。”僧堂清规五曰:“此职主大众斋食,故时时改变食物,大众受用安乐为妙,斋料已下,菜蔬盐酱类,一切保护蓄积,可受用长久,造食时,应自身考熟未熟,饤羹盐梅亦应自身试,粥饭时,向僧堂九拜发食,祖训也。”传灯录曰:“沩山在百丈会下作典座,又令遵有笊篱木杓分付与典座语。”按,释家云典座,犹居士云司厨。凡寺院各僧,例分东西两序,其职粗事者属于东序。典座等是也。五灯会元:雪峰在洞山为饭头,庆诸在沩山为米头,道匡在招庆为桶头,灌溪在末山为园头,绍远在石门为田头,智通在沩山为直岁,晓聪在云居为灯头,嵇山在投子为柴头,义怀在翠峰为水头,佛心在海印为净头,此类皆东序职。而典座之名,尤着于俗。
典揽《佛学大辞典》
(术语)典者经典也,揽者,撮要也,撮经典之要义曰典揽。无量寿经上曰:“开入泥洹教授典揽。”又曰:“典揽智慧,众道之要。”同净影疏曰:“善解经典,揽知众义,名典揽。”
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