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Term Definition
减劫《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于住劫之中由人寿无量岁每百年减一岁,至人寿十岁,为第一之减劫,由是每百年增一岁,至人寿八万岁,更下至十岁为第二之减劫。如此一上一下,终第十九之减劫,更增至人寿八万岁,为第二十之增劫,至住劫而终。即第一止于减数,第二十止于增数,中间有十八回之增减。是曰住劫之二十增减。此中由第一至第十九减寿之时期,名减劫,由第二至第二十增寿之时期,名增劫。俱舍论十二曰:此洲人寿,经无量时至住劫初,寿方渐减。从无量减至极十岁,即名为初一住中劫,此后十八皆有增减。谓从十年增至八万,复从八万减至十年。尔乃名为第二中劫。次后十七例皆如是,后从十岁增极至八万岁,名二十劫。一切劫增无过八万,一切劫减唯极十年。十八劫中一增一减时量,方等初减后增,故二十劫时量皆等。”(八万者,八万四千岁之大数也)。
减缘减行《佛学大辞典》
(术语)缘者,指上界四谛与上二界四谛之八谛。行者,指欲界四谛下十六行相与上二界四谛下十六行相之三十二行相。自声闻乘四善根之初至忍法之上忍,连环普观此上下八谛之三十二行相,同自中忍之位,一行减之,遂至留苦或道等之一行相,谓之减行,每减其四行相自减一谛,故谓之减缘。其所以减之者,泛观上下八谛之三十二行相,观智浮漫而不猛利,故自中忍以后渐渐狭其观境,以养成猛利之观智,遂为发真无漏智之算引也。上下八谛之三十二行相,第一回自第一观至第三十一,因而减去第三十二即上界道谛下出之一行相,第二回更自第一观至第三十,因而减去第三十一即上界道谛下行之一行相。如此每一周自下逆次减一行相,终至减第一即欲界苦谛下苦之一行相。即减去者,三十一行相也。减此三十一行相中,每第四周减一谛,故谓之减缘,减于他三周之行相,谓之减行。即减缘七周,减行二十四周,合于三十一周减去三十一行也。第四周谓之减缘者,上下八谛,为所缘之境,三十二行相,为对于此之能缘观解,故减四行相即减所缘之境一谛也。因而逆次减去,每至第四行相,不谓为减行,特附以所谓减缘即减谛之名耳。见行相条。
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