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Term Definition
勤《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语Virya,心所名。七十五法之一。百法之一。令心勇悍之精神作用也。与精进同义。俱舍论四所谓:“勤谓令心勇悍为性。”成唯识论六所谓:“勤谓精进。”是也。俱舍论摄之于大善地法,唯识论亦以为善心所之一,皆为有别体。
勤息《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语沙门之译名。勤行众善止息诸恶之义。见“沙门”条。
勤旧《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)谓禅院知事,侍者,新主等之退职者。尝勤事务,故曰勤。已退职,故曰旧。见象器笺五。
勤根《佛学大辞典》
(术语)与精进根同。
勤求《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)勤求善法也。法华经序品曰:“经行林中,勤求佛道。”
勤策《佛学大辞典》
(术语)沙弥也。抱欲为比丘之希望,勤自策励,故名。
勤策律仪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语室罗摩拏洛迦三跋罗Śramaneraka-samvara,正翻勤策拥护。室罗摩拏洛迦(旧曰沙弥)者勤策。三跋罗者拥护之义,律仪乃意译也。别解脱律仪之一。为苾刍勤加策励,故云勤策,能防身语,故云律仪。俱舍论十四曰:“若受离十所应远离,安立第三勤策律仪。何等名为十所应离?谓于前八,涂饰香鬘舞歌观听,开为二种;复加受畜金银等宝,以为第十”即是也。前八者:杀生,不与取,非梵行,虚诳语,饮诸酒,涂饰香鬘舞歌观听,眠坐高广严丽床座,食非时食也。此为沙弥之十戒,出家沙弥所受持。若女人受之,则称为勤策女律仪。然实体是一,非劝策律仪之外,别有勤策女律仪也。
勤苦《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)勤而苦也。无量寿经下曰:“爱念相随,勤苦若此。”
勤行《佛学大辞典》
(行事)勤行善法也。六波罗蜜中之精进波罗蜜也。法界次第下之上曰:“毗梨耶,秦言精进。欲乐勤行善法,不自放逸,谓之精进。”

又僧家定时于佛前读经礼拜,称为勤行。定勤行之时,总有一切时,六时,四时,三时,二时等之别。一切时者,不择行住坐卧,是菩萨之精进波罗蜜也。六时者,昼三夜三也。晨朝日中黄昏为昼三。初夜中夜后夜为夜三。智度论七曰:“菩萨夜三昼三,六时礼请。”又曰:“菩萨法昼三时夜三时,常行三昧。”同二十六曰:“佛以佛眼一日一夜各三时,观一切众生谁可度者。”同九十二曰:“佛常昼三时夜三时,以佛眼遍观众生,谁可种善根。”然则六时之勤行,略中之本法也。四时者,晨朝日中黄昏夜半也。三时者昼之三时也。二时者晨昏之二时也。自四时已下,今现行之。

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