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Term Definition
单《佛学大辞典》
(物名)书姓名于片纸者。又片纸记物名者。
单三衣《佛学大辞典》
(术语)唯有此一具之三衣,不更蓄余衣,谓之单三衣。为十二头陀行之一。大乘义章十五曰:“言三衣者,谓五条衣七条衣大衣,上行之流唯受此三不蓄余衣。”
单传《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅家之宗旨,不依经论文句,单传心印也。碧岩初则评唱曰:“达磨遥观此土有大乘根机,遂泛海得得来,单传心印。”祖庭事苑曰:“传法诸祖,初以三乘教乘兼行,后达磨祖师单传心印破执显宗。所谓教外别传不立文字,直指人心见性成佛。然不立文字失意者多矣,往往谓屏去文字以默坐为禅,斯实吾门之哑羊尔,且万法纷然。何止文字不立者哉?殊不知道犹通也。岂拘执于一隅哉,故即文字文字不可得。文字既尔余法亦然,所以为见性成佛也。岂待遣而后已。”
单位《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)禅堂贴己名单之座位也。敕修清规日用轨范曰:“昏钟鸣,须先归单位坐禅。”
单前《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅堂贴己名单之坐床,谓之单位,又其床前之板谓之单,阔八寸,据周尺故为一尺,谓之单板一尺。而床阔六尺,加以单板一尺则为七尺,谓之七尺单前。若除单板则为六尺,谓之六尺单前。碧岩录曰:“三条椽下,七尺单前,试去参详看。”续传灯录(继圆禅师章)曰:“旦向三条椽下,六尺单前,须容取。”
单寮《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)独房也。头首知事退职居于独房及名德之居于西堂,首座之居于独房者,皆称单寮。单身专寮而无同舍者也。见象器笺五。
单拏《佛学大辞典》
(物名)与但荼同。
单提《佛学大辞典》
(术语)犹言单传,禅家直指之旨也。单提宗旨不涉余岐之义。

又具足戒五篇中有尼萨耆波逸提与但波逸提二篇,尼萨耆者,舍之义,波逸提者,堕之义,舍者,应舍离所犯之赃物也,堕者,其罪报堕于地狱也。其舍堕罪有三十戒,堕罪有九十戒,因而九十之堕罪,对于三十之舍堕罪,谓之单堕,今以提之一字举堕之梵语波逸提Pācittika也。

单本《佛学大辞典》
(术语)译经之无别本者。开元释教录十曰:“单本原来一本,更无别本。重翻本是一经或有二重翻者乃至六重翻者。”
单白《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)三种羯磨之一。最轻微之事及常式之事,仅一度白告于众,得使其事成立者。羯磨疏一上曰:“单白者,如设戒告众僧常所行,圣制同遵。有背结过,未假烦请,随作便遂,初牒事表陈劝众和忍,名之为白,即此成遂有作业之功,名为羯磨。”资持记上一之五曰:“一者单白,事或轻小。常所行,或是严制。一说告僧便成法事。”见羯磨条。
单致利《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Nidrā-tandri,译为肿眼病。大乘义章二曰:“喜睡五病,名单致利。”
单麻《佛学大辞典》
(故事)一个麻实也。佛六年苦行,一日食一麻一麦云。
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