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Term Definition
卫世师《佛学大辞典》
(流派)见“胜论宗”条。【卫世师】(流派)又曰鞞世师。新称吠世史迦Vaiśeṣika,译曰胜。古仙所造之论名。成劫末,人寿无量岁时,有外道出世,名嗢露迦,译曰鸺鹠。又号羯拏仆,译曰食米斋。此人多年修道,成就五通。证六句义为宗,因而造论,名吠世史迦,此译曰胜论。以诸论无匹故也。以彼为胜论之师,故亦称胜论师。其后裔有慧月,更加四句义为十句义。十句义论是也。玄应音义十曰:“卫世师,此语讹略也。应言鞞崽迦论,此云胜。其论以六句义为宗,旧云六谛。”慧琳音义二十六曰:“卫世师此云无胜,外道论也。”唯识述记一末曰:“吠世史迦,此翻为胜。造六句论,诸论罕匹,故云胜也。或胜人所造,故名胜论。旧云卫世师,或云鞞世师,皆讹略也。(中略)多年修道,遂获五通,谓证菩提,便欲入灭。但嗟所悟未有传人,愍世有情痴无慧目,乃观七德,授法令传:一生中国,二父母俱是婆罗门姓,三有般涅槃性,四身相具足,五聪明辨捷,六性行柔和,七有大悲心。经无量时无具七者,后住多劫。波罗痆斯国有婆罗门,名摩纳缚迦,此云儒童。其儒童子名般遮尸弃,此云五顶。顶发五旋,头有五角。其人七德虽具,根熟稍迟。既染妻孥,卒难化度。经无量岁,伺其根熟。后三千岁,因入戏园与其妻室竞华相忿,鸺鹠因之乘通化之,五顶不从,仙人且返。又三千岁,化又不得。更三千年,两竞尤甚。相厌既切,仰念空仙。仙人应时神力化引,腾空迎往所住山中,徐说所悟六句义法:一实,二德,三业,四有,五同异,六和合,(中略)后其苗裔名为慧月,立十句义。”
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