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Term Definition
印《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作印契,印相,契印等。用指头作种种之形,以为法德之标帜者。由小指次第数至大指,此为地水火风空之五大。又左手为定,右手为慧,以此左右十指为种种之印相。例如标火德而结火印,标水德而结水印等。菩提心论曰:“身密者,如结契印,召请圣众是也。”大日经疏十三曰:“此印者,即是法界之标帜。以此印故,表示法界之体,即名法界幢也。”补陀落海会轨曰:“左手寂静故,名理胎藏海。右手办诸事,名智金刚海。左手五指者,胎藏海五智。右手五指者,金刚海五智。左手定右慧,十指即十度,或名十法界,或曰十真如。缩则摄取一,开则有数名。左小指为檀,无名指名戒,左中指为忍,左头指为进,左大指为禅。右小指为慧,无名指为方,右中指为愿,右头指为力,右大指为智。(中略)小指为地,无名为水,中指为火,头指为风,大指为空。”

又佛菩萨手所执种种之具谓之印,即三昧耶形也。大日经疏二十曰:“印谓所执印,即刀轮羂索金刚杵之类也。”

又教理之决定者谓之印。如实相印,三法印等。大乘义章二曰:“优檀那者,是外国语。此名为印。(中略)法相楷定,不易之义,名印也。”秘藏记上曰:“印决定义也。”

又印章。象器笺十九曰:“毗奈耶杂事云:时有贼来盗僧库藏,并及私物。为无记验,苾刍不知何时失物。佛曰:苾刍可畜其印,应用五种物为印,所谓鍮石赤铜白铜牙角。佛言:凡印有二种:一是大众,二是私物。若大众印,可刻转法轮印,两边安鹿,伏跪而住,其下应书元本造寺施主名字。若私印者,刻作骨锁像或作触髅形,欲令见时生远离故。”

印佛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)以香作佛形而烧之,谓之印佛。瑜伽行,舍遗之徒,有印佛读经之事。见真言修行颂二。
印佛作法《佛学大辞典》
(修法)或印之于纸上,或印之于净沙上,或印于虚空等,先于一前机备香花,置形木。次,三礼,诵如来咒。次,净三业印言。次,三昧耶戒印言,针印。三摩耶,萨埵鍐次,发菩提心印言,外缚定印。唵菩提质多摩陀波陀耶弥。次,劝请合掌诵:“我今香烟印如来(水虚空等随改),相好具足放光明。遍满虚空世界海,犹如灯烟无障碍。依此印印佛德力,恒为众生解脱缘。”次,以右手取棒印佛。左手持念珠记数,诵真言已,印之(此真言有异说,大日佛眼者,大日所印之佛),想所印之所尊,五眼具足,三身圆满,与真佛无异,乘此香烟(虚空水等随改),周遍于十方界。利益众生,共成佛道。次,印佛数满已,总以香华供养。次,普供养印明。次,回向。愿我所修印佛善。回施三有及四恩。自他共入菩提城。同证一如真如法界。印佛轨云:“印沙土,地中生类离苦得乐。印水上,水中生类离苦得乐。”
印信《佛学大辞典》
(术语)传授秘法也。
印光《佛学大辞典》
(术语)自佛陀心印而发之光明。大日经疏六曰:“菩提印光。”
印光法师文钞《佛学大辞典》
(书名)释圣量着。无卷数。共九十五篇。徐文霨跋曰:“印光法师,法名圣量,别号常惭,陕之郃阳人。驻锡普陀法雨寺之藏经楼,世罕知者。甲寅岁,高鹤年居士,攫师文稿数篇,印入佛学丛报。霨受而读之,合掌欢喜,叹未曾有。大法凌夷,于今为极。不图当世尚有具正知见者如我师者。续佛慧命,于是乎在。师之文,盖无一语无来历。深入显出,妙契时机。诚末法中应病良药也。”
印可《佛学大辞典》
(术语)证明弟子之所得,而称美许可之也。论语皇侃义疏曰:“皆被孔子印可也。”维摩经弟子品曰:“若能如是宴坐者,佛所印可。”辅行七之三曰:“印谓印可,可谓称可。事理相称,故可圣心。”
印咒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)与印相应之咒也。又印与咒也。
印土《佛学大辞典》
(地名)指印度。印度国土之义。出生义曰:“收迹都史天宫,下生中印土。”梵网经本疏曰:“是故印土持菩萨戒者,无不背诵。”肇论新疏中曰:“天竺或曰印土身毒。”
印坏文成《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)谓镕蜡作印,置之泥土上,蜡印自然坏,而其迹则显成印文也。安乐集上曰:“如蜡印印泥,印坏文成,此命断时,即是生安乐国时。”是以印坏喻死,文成譬生,显死生同时也。又摩诃止观九曰:“过去无明业是蜡,现在父母精血是泥。过去业不住,故各印坏。现在托识,名色具足。故名文成。”是譬十二因缘相续循环之理也。
印域《佛学大辞典》
(地名)指印度而言,印者印度,域者境域。三论大义钞一曰:“印域探三藏之赜致。”
印塔《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)宝箧印塔之略称。
印契《佛学大辞典》
(术语)印相者,标示法界之性德,而非伪者,故云契。契者契约。不改之义也。即身成佛义曰:“手作印契,口诵真言,心住三摩地,三密相应加持故,早得大悉地。”【印契】(术语)本尊之印契名千眼印,出千臂经中,先以二小指无名指中指,各以甲背相着,其二人指竖头相拄二大指侧搏附人指第二文上侧,腕开五寸许,置于眉间而诵真言。
印宗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)广州法性寺印宗,初讲涅槃经,遇六祖能大师始悟玄理,以能为传法师。能亦就此人出家受戒。先天二年,八十七岁而示寂。见传灯录五。
印定《佛学大辞典》
(术语)印可决定之义。唯识述记六曰:“印境决定。”
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