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Term Definition
合下《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)即时即刻之意。与直下同义。佛果圜悟真觉禅师心要上所谓:“初祖达磨到梁见武帝,合下用只个头上一着子。”碧岩集所谓:“这僧知投子实头,合下做个圈缋子。”即其例也。
合中知《佛学大辞典》
(术语)如鼻根之于香境,待香微接于鼻根而知觉,是云合中知。如眼根之于色境,则反之,故云离中知。俱舍论二曰:“眼耳意根境不至,三相违。”同光记二曰:“此宗眼耳意三取非至境,鼻舌身三唯取至境。若依胜论外道,六根皆取至境。”
合作法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)对于离作法而言。示同喻之体,结合宗与因,以确立宗义之作法也。例如声无常(宗),因缘生故(因),视诸因缘生(因同品),皆无常(宗同品),喻如瓦器等(喻依),之论式中,举其同喻之体,结合因之因缘生与宗之无常,凡有因义之所,必有宗义附随,宗义亦附随因义,是也。此合作法以先因后宗为定则。即先举因义,后举宗义,结合两者是也。盖由既知之因,立论未知之宗,以为推断之顺序也。因明大疏三所谓:“母牛去处,犊子必随,因有处,宗必随逐,此为合。”即其意也。
合十《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛家之敬礼。即合掌也。见“合掌”条。
合坛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)合于他坛之意。又名即坛。对于离坛而言。即请大坛之诸尊,移于护摩坛,修本尊念诵法后,直合护摩法而修之也。是为本于金刚顶瑜伽护摩仪轨之意者,通行之护摩法,大抵依此仪。又于一炉具四种之炉形,炉内四方,各书种子之字,称之为合坛炉。向此炉同时修息灾增益降伏敬爱之四种,名为合坛护摩。
合掌《佛学大辞典》
(术语)全左右掌之十指,以表吾心专一之敬礼法。支那以拱手为敬,印度以合掌为敬。观音义疏上曰:“合掌者,此方以拱手为恭,外国合掌为敬。手本二边,今合为一,表不敢散诞,专至一心。一心相当故,以此表敬也。”法苑珠林二十曰:“律云:当令一心合十指爪掌,供养释师子。或云:叉手白佛言者,皆是敛容呈恭,制心不令驰散。然心使难防,故制掌合一心也。”
合掌叉手《佛学大辞典》
(术语)合掌而交叉手指也。密教所谓金刚合掌。观无量寿经曰:“合掌叉手,赞叹诸佛。”
合掌观音《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)三十三观音之一。以虚心合掌,故有此名。
合昏树《佛学大辞典》
(植物)梵语曰尸利洒。译言合昏树。香药三十二味之一。见最胜王经七。优昙钵罗。译言合昏树。见演密钞五。
合杀《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)原为关于舞乐之曲调名。舞乐之结尾,特以一曲调终了之,是云合杀。杀者散之义,渐缩合其声而终可为放散之义。佛家以此名名一声明法念佛之合杀法,出呗策。于读经行道之终奏之。

又二个并合杀绝也。传灯录十八翠岩令参条曰:“问:僧繇为什么写志公真不得?师曰:作么生合杀。”又碧岩集曰:“看他于雪窦后面合杀得好。”

合欢《佛学大辞典》
(植物)木名。大疏演奥钞十一曰:“尸利沙,此云合昏,又云合欢。”Śiriṣa(Acacia Sirissa)。
合爪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)合左右十指之爪也,同于合掌。印度之敬法。法苑珠林二十曰:“律云:当令一心合十指爪掌供养释师子。”见合掌条。
合用《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)可用者。禅门之语。敕修清规副寺曰:“病僧合用供给之物。”
合莲华《佛学大辞典》
(术语)密教以譬凡夫之心脏。菩提心论曰:“凡人心如合莲华,佛心如满月。”
合行曼陀罗供《佛学大辞典》
(修法)合胎藏界与金刚界之曼陀罗而供养之之法会也。
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