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Term Definition
唯《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语摩怛刺多Mātratā,一简别之义,简别于他法云唯。二决定之义,示决定有此法云唯。三显胜之义,示此法之显胜云唯。义林章一末曰:“梵云摩怛剌多,此翻为唯。唯有三义:一简持义。二决定义。三显胜义。”唯识述记一本曰:“唯言显其二义:一简别义。二决定义。”
唯一神道《佛学大辞典》
(流派)日本神道之一派,两部神道之对。神代不混外教,纯粹相续之意,其教相亦有用天台真言之教理仪式者。其言曰神道者根本也,儒教者,枝叶也,佛法者,华实也。故依世间显露之浅义,别佛为本地,神为垂迹,依隐幽之密义,则神为本地,佛为垂迹也。如真言之秘密,单为秘密而浅,神道之密义,隐密而存深义。相承有相传、传授、面授、口诀之四重。又立影像、光气、向上、底下之四位,授神道护摩,宗源行事,十八神道等云。
唯境无识《佛学大辞典》
(术语)顺世外道计地水火风之四大,极微常实,立唯境无识(今所谓唯物论)之义,清辩论师于真谛中立心境共为真空,于俗谛中立唯境无识之义,以与护法论师之唯识无境对立。盖内识有境有心,心必托境而起故也。义林章一末曰:“或顺世外道及清辩等。成立境唯。为简于彼言识之唯。”
唯心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)一切诸法,唯有内心,无心外之法,是谓唯心。亦云唯识。心者集起之义,集起诸法故云心,识者了别之义,了别诸法故云识,同体异名也。八十华严经十地品曰:“三界所有,唯是一心。”唯识论二曰:“入楞伽经伽他中说,由自心执着,心似外境转,彼所见非有,是故说唯心。”
唯心偈《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)指旧华严经第十一,夜摩天宫菩萨说偈品如来林菩萨所说之偈曰:“心如工画师,造种种五阴。一切世间中,无法而不造。如心佛亦尔,如佛众生然。心佛及众生,是三无差别。”华严宗以为显唯心缘起之至极者,谓为心总。佛及众生为别心,总该一切万有故,迷则为众生,悟则为佛。心外无众生,心外无佛也。天台以此偈立三法妙。山外之解谓心乃能造之理,佛及众生乃所造之理,如华严宗言:山家之释谓心佛众生之三法,各具事理,为能造所造,显互具互融实相之意之偈也。
唯心净土《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“己身弥陀唯心净土”条。
唯心回转善成门《佛学大辞典》
(术语)华严宗所立十玄门之第九。谓唯如来藏之一心,自在性起,成就一切之功德也。见五教章中。
唯愿无行《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修得道果必愿行具足,愿大则行亦应大,若仅有愿,而徒望果,无与此相应之行,无有得证果者。此为通教家难净土教之语也。
唯渐无顿《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅源诸诠三曰:“若远推宿世,则唯渐无顿。今顿见者,已是多生渐薰而发现也。”
唯色《佛学大辞典》
(术语)色心不二,故万法唯心,又唯色也。依之立护法唯识无境,故立清辩唯境无识。止观义例上曰:“能了诸法则见诸法唯心唯色,当知一切由心分别诸法,何曾自谓同异?”
唯蕴无我心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)真言宗所立十住心之第四。入声闻乘修四谛观法,了悟唯有五蕴之法而无人我实体之住心也。
唯识《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语摩怛刺多Mātratā,此译曰唯。梵语毗若底Vijñapti,此译为识。梵语倒置之为识唯,通常为Vijñānamatravāda。唯者简别之义。简别识外无法,谓之唯。识者了别之义。了别之心略为三种,广有八种,谓之识。然则唯识者为三识或八识之复名数,非唯一识之义也。华严经就集起之义而云唯心,唯识论就了别之义而云唯识,其体一也。又唯心之名,通于因果,唯识之称,唯在因位,三种者:初能变(第八识),二能变(第七识),三能变(前五识)也,八种者,眼识乃至阿赖耶识也。义林章一末曰:“识者心也。由心集起彩画为主之根本,故经曰唯心。分别了达之根本,故论称唯识。或经义通因果,总言唯心。论说唯在因,但称唯识。识了别义。在因位中识用强故,说识为唯,其义无二。二十论云:心意识了,名之差别。”唯识述记一本曰:“唯言显其二义:一简别义。遮虚妄执,显但有识,无心外境。二决定义。离增减数。略唯决定有此三故。广决定有八种识故。”问唯识之言,谓有八种之识,除八种识体之外,更无余法乎。答不然,言唯八识者,谓一切诸法不离八识,非言八识之外无余法也。凡诸法分别为五法:一心,二心所,三色,四不相应,五无为,此中前四者为事,后一者为理,称曰五法事理。此五法事理,皆不离识,故称唯识。以第一之心,乃识之自相,第二之心所,乃识之相应法,第三之色,乃心与心所之所变,第四之不相应法,乃心与心所及色之分位差别,第五之无为法,乃前四法之实性故也。又唯之言,取遮遣遍计所执性,识之言,取依他圆成之二性。唯识论七曰:“唯识言有深意趣。识言总显一切有情,各有八识。六位心所,所变相见,分位差别,及彼空理所显真如。识自相故,识相应故。二所变故,三分位故,四实性故。如是诸法皆不离识,总立识名。唯言但遮愚夫所执离诸识实有色等。”义林章一末曰:“梵云毗若底,此翻为识。识者了别义,识自相,识相应,识所变,识分位,识实性,五法事理皆不离识。故名唯识。”楞严经五弥勒菩萨之言曰:“我以谛观十方唯识,识心圆明,入圆成实,远离依他及遍计执,得无生忍,斯为第一。”
唯识三世《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三种三世之一。见“三世”条。
唯识三个疏《佛学大辞典》
(名数)唯识枢要,唯识了义灯,唯识演秘也。唯识枢要辩成唯识论中之要义,唯识了义灯破圆测之邪义,唯识演秘解唯识述记之难义。
唯识三十论颂《佛学大辞典》
(书名)梵名Vijñānamātrasiddhi-triṁśati-śastra-kārikā,常云三十唯识。一卷,世亲菩萨造。唐玄奘译。成唯识论之本颂也。
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