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Term Definition
商主天子所问经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,随阇那崛多译。佛在灵山,商主天子,请文殊说法,文殊为说一百十九智。
商佉《佛学大辞典》
(动物)Śaṅkha,又作饷佉、伤佉、胜佉、儴佉、[目*襄]佉、霜佉、胜伽、商企罗、偿起罗。译曰蠃贝。玄应音义二曰:“儴佉,儴尔羊反。又霜伤二音,梵言饷佉,或言霜佉,此译云贝也。亦云珂,异名也。”同二十一曰:“商佉,旧言霜佉,或言伤佉,又作饷佉,又作儴佉,梵音轻重声之讹转也。此云贝。”同十八曰:“伤佉,经中或作蠰佉。正言胜佉,此译云贝。”慧琳音义十三曰:“商佉,唐云蠃贝。”
商佉印《佛学大辞典》
(印相)标商佉之印契也。
商羯罗《佛学大辞典》
(物名)外道祭祀所用之骨锁也。又作赏迦罗Śaṅkara。译曰锁。因明大疏一曰:“商羯罗,此云骨锁。外道有言,成劫之始,大自在天人间化导,二十四相,自在归天。事者倾恋,遂立其像,像其苦行,悴疲饥羸,骨节相连,形相如锁故,标此像名骨锁天。”
商羯罗主菩萨《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Śaṅkarasvamin,梵名商羯罗塞缚弥,译曰骨锁主。骨锁主为大自在天之异名,此菩萨之父母以此天为主,祈祷生子故名曰骨锁主,因明入正理论之作者也。
商羯罗塞缚弥《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)译曰骨锁主,菩萨名。因明大疏一曰:“商羯罗者,此云骨锁。塞缚弥者,此云主。”见商羯罗主菩萨项。
商羯罗天《佛学大辞典》
(天名)大自在天之异名。译曰锁。大日经疏三曰:“商羯罗是摩醯首罗别名。”见商羯罗项。
商羯罗金刚《佛学大辞典》
(天名)金刚力士名。译曰锁。大日经疏五曰:“金刚商羯罗,译云金刚锁。”千手经曰:“力士赏迦罗。”
商羯罗阿阇利《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Saṅkaraācārya,有名之印度教复兴者。纪元约七百八十九年顷,生于南印度之摩腊盘。嗣甘把里腊Kumārila之迹,盛一层婆罗门哲学之学风,于几多之古哲学书下注释,以自己之意见,主张为印度哲学之正教。自历游四方或派遣其弟子于全印度,渐次张教线于民间,以屈伏佛教为目的,遂至驱逐之。三十二岁时,死于雪山中,彼于印度四方创设四个大修道院,死后由其高弟统治,其学风以彼短生涯中之伟业为源泉,永支配印度之思想界。
商莫迦《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)旧作睒摩,菩萨名。见“睒摩”条。
商诺迦缚娑《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Śāṇakavāsa,又作Śāṇavāsa,旧云商那和修、舍那和修、舍那波私,阿难之弟子也。商那,商诺迦为衣名。世世着设诺迦衣,因以为名,设诺迦衣,此译麻衣,旧云胎衣者,义翻也。西域记一谓彼在先身中以设诺迦草续成为衣,于解安居日持施众僧。以此福力,于五百身中阴生阴常服此衣,今世以最后身从胎俱出。身既渐长,衣亦随广。及阿难度之出家,其衣变为法服。及受具戒,更变为九条僧伽胝。将证寂灭,至边际定,发智愿力,留此袈裟,尽释迦遗法。法尽之后,方乃变坏云。付法藏传二曰:“商那和修,由愿力故,处母胎着商那衣。”毗奈耶杂事四十曰:“其子生时以奢搦迦衣里身而出,因即名为奢搦迦。”开宗记一本曰:“旧云商那和修,此曰胎衣。此从义言,未详所以。新曰商诺伽缚娑,此是草名。”
商迦《佛学大辞典》
(物名)Śaṅkha,译曰白螺。见不空羂索陀罗尼经。
商那《佛学大辞典》
(植物)Śāna,又作舍那,奢那。新作设诺迦,奢搦迦。艸名。其皮可以为衣。阿毗昙经下曰:“奢那衣者。奢那树似麻,取皮以为衣。”付法藏传二曰:“商那衣。”西域记一曰:“设诺迦艸衣。”有部毗奈耶杂事四十曰:“奢搦迦衣。”
商那和修《佛学大辞典》
(人名)新作奢搦迦,商诺迦缚娑。阿罗汉名,付法藏之第三祖也。见“商诺迦缚娑”条。
商量《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)商贾量度物事也。祖庭事苑一曰:“商量如商贾之量度,使不失中平,以各得其意。”

又学人参禅辨道而问答也。

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