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Term Definition
因《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明三支作法之一。谓推断未决之宗义之理由也。例如某为中国人(宗),为南京人故(因)之论式中,某为中国人者,未决之宗义也。然依为南京人之理由,推断此未决之宗义,于是生断定某为中国人之结果矣。

又造果者,即原因也。婆娑论百二十七曰:“造是因义。”大乘义章二曰:“亲生义,目之为因。”“二因”、“三因”、“五因”、“六因”,各见本条。

因三相《佛学大辞典》
(名数)因明三支作法中,因所必备之三个法则也。一,遍是宗法性。二,同品定有性。三,异品遍无性。盖因以确立未决宗义之理由而名,故与宗及同喻之关系应必有,同时与异喻之关系须绝无。此因所以有三相之别也。
因业《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因者有亲生结果之力,业者为生果助缘之所作,即因与缘。此二相和而诸法生。大日经二曰:“诸法无形像,清澄无垢浊,无执离言说,但从因业起。”大日经疏十九曰:“因如镜,业如身,对镜而影现也。”
因中有果宗《佛学大辞典》
(流派)外道十六宗之一。又曰因中有果论。计因中常有果性之外道也。譬如禾因谷生而论其谷中既有禾性是也。参照“外道”条附录十六外论。
因中说果《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于因上说果之论法。涅槃经三十七曰:“如来或时,因中说果,果中说因。如世间人,说泥即是瓶,缕即是衣,是名因中说果。果中说因者,牛即水草,人即是食。”智度论四十三曰:“知人日食数匹布,不可食,从布因缘得食,是名因中说果。如见好画而言好手,是为果中说因。”
因人《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因位之人也。为未到佛果以前修行者之总称。
因位《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修行佛因之位。自发心至成佛之间也。玄义六上曰:“果地圆极,非复因位。”
因体《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于因明为因之体者。即有法上所具之义,立者敌者共许之事件也。立声无常之宗,声论师及佛者共许同有,所作之义,是即因体也。
因便释《佛学大辞典》
(术语)解本事之因释他事也。
因修《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因地之修行(修行佛因之位为因地),又修行成佛之因也(本为修因,对于果证而颠倒其句耳)。慈恩传序曰:“示之以因修,明之以果证。”
因兰《佛学大辞典》
(术语)兰者偷兰遮也。是为四重禁之方便。故云因兰。见“偷兰遮”条。
因内《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明与内明也。见“因明”条。
因内二明《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明与内明也。内明亦五明之一。委悉内典之学科。详“五明”条。
因分《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因之分齐也。对于果分而言。即普贤因人所知所了之境界也。具曰缘起因分,又曰因分可说。见因分可说项。
因分可说《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛陀证悟之性海,为佛佛自知之法,不可言说,是曰果分不可说。然此不可说之果分,得于因人之机缘略说一分,是曰因分可说。因分者,其所现所说,皆为因位因人,故只谓是因位因人所知所了之分际也。五教章上曰:“地论云因分可说果分不可说者是也。”即十地论二所谓:“前言十地义,如是不可得说闻,今言我但说一分,此言有何义?是地所摄有二种:一因分,二果分。说者解释,一分者是因分,于果分为一分,故言我但说一分。”
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