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Term Definition
土地堂《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)土地神及护法神之堂也。设于佛殿之东边。见象器笺一。
土地神《佛学大辞典》
(神名)守护境界之神。公羊传注曰:“社者土地之主也。”俗称里社之神曰土地,本此。孝经纬曰:“社者土地之神,土地阔,不可尽祭,故封土为社以报功也。”通俗编曰:“今凡社神俱呼土地,惟茔旁所祀称后土。”邱浚家礼仪节曰:“温公书仪本开元礼,家礼本书仪。其丧礼,开茔域及窆与墓祭,俱祀后土。后土之称,对皇天也。士庶家有似乎僣,文公集有祀土地文,今拟改后土氏亦为土地之神。”

又太平御览引裴元新言曰:“俗间有土公之神,云土不可动。今元有五岁女孙卒病,诣市卜,云犯土。乃即依方治之,病率愈,然后知天下果有土神矣。”齐民要术曰:“载祝曲文曰:东方青帝土公,南方赤帝土公,西方白帝土公,北方黑帝土公,中央黄帝土公。主人某甲,谨相祈请云云。今祝土者所举土神名号,尤繁伙焉。”

土地讽经《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)每月二日与十六日读经于土地堂也。
土曜《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)九曜之一。在密教,位于胎藏界曼荼罗外金刚部院之西方。
土砂供养《佛学大辞典》
(修法)加持土砂之法会也。以此土砂散于病人或亡者也。见土砂加持项。
土砂加持《佛学大辞典》
(修法)以光明真言加持土砂撒布之于亡者之尸骸或其墓处也。不空羂索毗卢遮那佛大灌顶光真言经曰:“设众生具造十恶五逆四重诸罪,犹如微尘满斯世界,身坏命终,堕诸恶道。以是真言加持土砂一百八遍,尸陀林中,散亡者尸骸上,或散墓上,遇皆散之。彼所亡者,若地狱中,若饿鬼中,若修罗中,若傍生中,以一切不空如来不空毗卢遮那如来真实本愿大灌顶光真言神通威力加持土砂之力,应时即得光明及身,除诸罪报,舍所苦身,往彼西方极乐国土,莲华化生,乃至菩提更不堕落。”佛顶尊胜陀罗尼经亦说此法。
土糗《佛学大辞典》
(故事)阿输迦王前世为童子,戏以土为麨奉佛,因受佛灭后二百年为大王之记别。万善同归集六曰:“贫女献沈淀而位登支佛,童子进土麨而福受轮王。”
土罗遮《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Sthūlātyaya,梵语与偷兰遮同。译作重罪。优婆离问经曰:“土罗遮,重罪也。”
土葬《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)四葬之一。埋藏死者于土中也。行事钞下四曰:“土葬埋之岸傍。”
土馒头《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)坟墓之异名。
土麨《佛学大辞典》
(故事)阿输迦王前世为童子,戏以土为麨奉佛,因受佛灭后二百年为大王之记别。万善同归集六曰:“贫女献沈淀而位登支佛,童子进土麨而福受轮王。”
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