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Term Definition
坏劫《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四劫之一,谓三千大千世界破坏之时也。此中有二十小劫。其初十九小劫坏有情世间。第二十小劫之一劫坏器世间。
坏器《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)土制之器物,以喻人心之易败坏也。止观七曰:“坏器易槌,庵华难实。”归敬仪曰:“或比行厕画瓶,或拟危城坏器。”涅槃经曰:“譬如坏瓶不耐风雨,一切众生心亦如是,不耐寒热饥渴风雨等。”
坏山《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)别译阿含经四谓人之老病死衰耗,如四山之压迫。坏山即衰耗山也。文曰:“老山能坏壮年盛色,(中略)衰耗之山能坏一切荣华富贵,妻子丧没,眷属分离,钱财亡失。”
坏法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)成就白骨观之人有二类:一类之人,但好离烦恼,更恐于白骨生着,为烧骨人作灰之想。坏法者,即烧骨人也。
坏相《佛学大辞典》
(术语)六相之一。
坏相金刚陀罗尼经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,元沙啰巴译。此陀罗尼如金刚之坚利,能破坏一切烦恼魔障,故名坏相金刚。
坏色《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)梵语袈裟Kaṣāya,译曰坏色。避青黄赤黑白五正色,以他之不正色染坏之,故曰坏色。有三种:一,青坏色。二,黑坏色。三,木兰坏色。此为如法之袈裟色,以作法衣,因而法衣称为袈裟。遗教经曰:“汝等比丘,当自摩头以舍饰好,着坏色衣,执持应器,以乞自活。”梵网经下曰:“应教身所著袈裟,皆使坏色,与道相应。”行事钞中之三曰:“四分云坏色者,若青黑木兰也,彼得衣不作三种坏著者堕。”六物图曰:“律云:上色染衣不得服,当坏作袈裟色,即戒本中三种染坏皆如法也。”
坏色衣《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)僧衣也。翻译名义集曰:“梵云袈裟,此云坏色衣,言非五方正色。”见坏色项。
坏苦《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三苦之一。身中之四大,互相侵,互相坏,为坏苦。又乐相坏时,生苦想,谓之坏苦。止观七曰:“四大相侵,互相破坏,是名坏苦。”大乘义章三本曰:“从彼顺缘离坏生恼,名为坏苦。”
坏衲《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)坏色之衲衣也。比丘之法衣以木兰等不正色染坏之,谓之坏。纳缀种种之杂片而造之,谓之衲。因而指比丘之袈裟或比丘,谓之坏衲。祖英集上曰:“坏衲之外皆清堕。”(此指迦叶尊者,为头陀第一,常着坏衲)。
坏见《佛学大辞典》
(术语)如提婆虽犯五逆,然有天王如来之别记。是为坏行之人,非为坏见之人也。如善星比丘无恶行,然依拨无之邪见,堕狱无出期。是为坏见之人,非为坏行之人也。大集地藏十轮经五曰:“有戒坏见不坏,有见坏戒不坏,有戒见共坏。”
坏道沙门《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四沙门之一。破戒无惭,破坏佛道之沙门也。地藏十轮经谓为污道沙门。瑜伽论谓为坏道沙门。
坏驴车《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)坏车之驾弊驴者。对于法华之大白牛车而言。涅槃经二十曰:“乘坏驴车,正南而游。”章安疏曰:“南方为离,离火也,即是乘邪见乘,趣三途火,故云南方而游。”止观七曰:“若但尔者,乘邪见乘,入险恶道,是坏驴车耳。”止观大意曰:“正观者何?所谓十法,若无此十名坏驴车。”止观义例曰:“十乘十境以为正修,所以者何?若无十境乘则无体,若无十法名坏驴车。”
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