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Term Definition
堪忍《佛学大辞典》
(术语)堪忍苦难也。南本涅槃经二十六曰:“不惜身命,堪忍众难。”俱舍论十八曰:“众苦逼身,皆能堪忍。”
堪忍世界《佛学大辞典》
(界名)娑婆世界之译名。此界众生忍为恶故,又诸菩萨,为教化忍受劳倦故,名曰堪忍世界。文句二下曰:“娑婆此翻忍。其土众生,安于十恶,不肯出离。从人名土,故称为忍。悲华经云:云何名娑婆?是诸众生。忍受三毒及诸烦恼,故名忍土。”玄赞二曰:“梵云索诃,此云堪忍。诸菩萨等,行利乐时,多诸怨嫉,众苦逼恼,堪耐劳倦,而忍受故,因以为名,娑婆者,讹也。”
堪忍之境《佛学大辞典》
(界名)同堪忍世界。即娑婆世界也。
堪忍地《佛学大辞典》
(术语)菩萨十地中,初地之别名。南本涅槃经十一曰:“得四念处已,则得住堪忍地中。菩萨摩诃萨,住此地已,则能堪忍贪欲恚痴,亦能堪忍寒热饥渴、蚊虻蚤虱、暴风恶触、种种疾疫、挝打楚挞,身心苦恼,一切能忍。是故名为住堪忍地。”此堪忍地,配于菩萨之十地,诸师各有异见,天台一家以定之为初地之位。涅槃经会疏十一曰:“旧云:第五地禅波罗蜜备是堪忍地。今明不尔。若各就别圆,别论定果,已如前释。若圆别合论,还是初地。”玄义四上曰:“祇登地时,不为二边所动,名不动地。上持佛法,下荷众生,名堪忍地。于生死涅槃,俱得自在,名无畏地。无畏地从我德立名,堪忍地从乐德立名,不动地从常德立名。净德通三处,登地之日,四德俱成。”
堪能《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓有力能堪物也。起信论曰:“于一切时一切处,所有众善,随己堪能,不废修学。”止观七下曰:“地持云:得胜堪能,名为力。”
堪达法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)罗汉其性堪能练习可达不动法者,是六种罗汉之一。俱舍论二十五曰:“堪达法者,彼性堪能好修练根,速达不动。”
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