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Term Definition
塑像《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)塑土为像也。陔余丛考三十二曰:“自佛法盛而塑像遍天下,然塑像实不自佛家始。史记:帝乙为偶人以象天神,与之博。则殷时已开其端。国语:苑蠡去越,越王以金写其形而祀之。国策:宋王偃铸诸侯之象,使侍屏厕。则并有铸金者。孟子有作俑之语。宋玉招魂亦云像设。魏文侯曰:吾所学者乃土梗耳。又国策秦王曰:宋王无道,为木人以象寡人,而射其面。又孟尝君将入秦,苏代止之曰:土偶与桃梗相遇。桃梗曰:子西岸之土也,挺子以为人,岁八月雨降,则汝残矣。土偶曰:吾西岸之土,土残则复西岸耳。今子东国之桃梗也。削子以为人,雨下水至,漂子而流,吾不知所税驾也。则泥塑木刻,战国时皆已有之矣。又韩非子记桓赫削之道,鼻莫如大,目莫如小。鼻大可小,小不可大也。目小可大,大不可更小也。此又塑像之秘诀。至佛像,自汉武击休屠,始得其祭天金人以归。然则佛像本用金铸,其后有用土木者,则转从入中国以中国法为之耳。
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