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Term Definition
夜叉《佛学大辞典》
(异类)Yakṣa,又曰阅叉。新作药叉,夜乞叉。译言能啖鬼,捷疾鬼,勇健,轻捷,秘密等。玄应音义三曰:“阅叉或云夜叉,皆讹也。正言药叉,此译云能啖鬼,谓食啖人也。又云伤者,谓能伤害人也。”法华玄赞二曰:“夜叉,此云勇健。飞腾空中,摄地行类诸罗刹也。罗刹,云暴恶,亦云可畏。彼皆讹音,梵语正云药叉罗刹婆。”注维摩经一:“什曰:夜叉,秦言贵人,亦言轻捷。有三种:一在地,二在虚空,三天夜叉也。”净名疏二曰:“夜叉者,皆是鬼道。夜叉,此云轻疾。”慧苑音义下曰:“夜叉,此云祠祭鬼,谓俗间祠祭以求恩福者也。旧翻捷疾鬼也。”梵语杂名曰:“夜叉,药乞叉。”大日经疏一曰:“西方谓夜叉为秘密,以其身口意速疾隐秘难可了知故。”
夜叉八大将《佛学大辞典》
(名数)毗沙门天王管领夜叉八大将以护众生界。大日经疏五曰:“次于北门当置毗沙门天王,于其左右置夜叉八大将:一名摩尼跋陀罗,译曰宝贤。二名布噜那跋陀罗,译曰满贤。三名半枳迦,旧曰散支。四名沙多祁里。五名醯摩嚩多,即是住雪山者。六名毗洒迦。七名阿吒嚩迦。八名半遮罗。”
夜叉吉蔗《佛学大辞典》
(异类)吉遮为夜叉之所作者。法华经陀罗尼品曰:“若夜叉吉蔗,若人吉蔗。”文句十下曰:“吉遮起尸鬼,若人若夜叉,俱有此鬼。”
夜叉罗刹《佛学大辞典》
(异类)YaksaRakṣasa,夜叉与罗刹,皆恶鬼之总名。夜叉译捷疾鬼。罗刹译暴恶鬼。
夜叉说半偈《佛学大辞典》
(传说)涅槃经十四,记释帝桓因身变为罗刹,说诸行无常是生灭法之半偈,与生灭灭已寂灭为乐之半偈。见“半偈”条。
夜摩《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Yāma,具曰须夜摩Suyāma,苏夜摩。欲界六天中第三天名。旧曰焰天。译言时分,善分。以善知时分受五欲之乐故也。智度论九曰:“夜摩名善分天。”探玄记六曰:“夜摩者,若具云苏夜摩。苏者,此云善也。夜摩者,此云时也。”佛地论五曰:“夜摩天者,谓此天中随时受乐,故名时分。”俱舍光记八曰:“夜摩天,此云时分,谓彼天处时时多分称快乐。”

又鬼官之总司曰夜摩。即阎摩也。夜摩,阎摩,梵语之转也。见琰摩条。

夜摩卢迦《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Yamaloka,阎摩王之世界也。
夜摩尼夜摩《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Yama-Niyama,此学派之修行方法也。金七十论上曰:“法者何为相?夜摩尼夜摩。夜摩者有五:一无瞋恚,二恭敬师尊,三内外清净,四减损饮食,五不放逸。尼夜摩亦五:一不杀,二不盗,三实语,四梵行,五无谄曲。十种所成就,是故名为法。”
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