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Term Definition
头上安头《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)喻事之复沓也。传灯录曰:“元安示众曰:今有一事问汝等,若道是,即头上安头;若道不是,即斩头求活。”黄庭坚拙轩颂亦有此语。
头光《佛学大辞典》
(术语)在佛或罗汉顶上之圆光也。又曰背光。亦曰后光。
头北面西《佛学大辞典》
(术语)头北面西,右胁而卧者,如来涅槃之相也。后分涅槃经上曰:“尔时世尊三反入诸禅定,三反示诲众己。于七宝床右胁而卧,头枕北方,足指南方,面向西方,后背东方。(中略)于其中夜入第四禅寂然无声,于是时顷即般涅槃。”长阿含曰:“尔时世尊入拘尸那城,向本生处娑罗双树间,告阿难曰:汝为如来于双树间敷置床座,使头北首面向西方。所以然者,吾法流布当久住北方。”婆沙论一百九十一曰:“问:世尊何故令敷设北首卧状而卧耶?答:欲显彼国论师法应尔故,谓彼国论师皆敷设北首床而卧,世尊亦尔。有说:欲显远离世所妄执吉祥事故,谓彼国死者乃令床上北首而卧,佛为破彼妄吉祥执,是故未般涅槃则令敷设北首床而卧。有说:欲止拘尸那中诸力士等不净心故,谓彼国俗皆于北方建立天祠。若佛北足而卧者,则诸力士生不净心。云何欺蔑我等所事北足而卧?有说:为欲显佛恭敬正法故。谓佛豫知般涅槃后无上法炬北方炽然久久不灭,故于床上北首而卧。”又曰:“问:世尊何故右胁而卧?答:欲显佛如师子王而卧故。如契经说:卧有四种:谓师子王卧,天卧,鬼卧,耽欲者卧。师子王右胁而卧,天则仰面,鬼则伏面,耽欲者卧左胁着地。佛是无上人中师子,故右胁而卧。”
头然《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)然即燃,头上火燃也。急遽宜救者。譬危急。佛藏经三曰:“勤行精进,如救头然。”心地观经五曰:“精勤修习,未尝暂舍,如去顶石,如救头然。”止观七曰:“眠不安席,食不甘哺,如救头然。”
头破七分《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)谓为鬼神所打,头作七分也。法华经陀罗尼品曰:“若不顺我咒,恼乱说法者,头破作七分,如阿梨树枝。”
头袖《佛学大辞典》
(物名)头巾之异名。头巾之形,似衣袖之形,故名头袖。即帽子也。其称本于国一禅师。经山无准范禅师录曰:“入内引对升坐云:唐代宗尝宣召本山国一祖师,每加礼敬。适遇天寒,代宗以销金龙袖覆其顶。后竟以龙袖为帽,至今祖师遗像俨然犹存。”
头鐼《佛学大辞典》
(物名)第一之鐼子也。为盛羹者。于三个鐼中为最大,故名头鐼。见“鐼子”条。
头陀《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Dhūta,又作杜荼,杜多。译曰抖擞,抖拣,洮汰,浣洗等。谓抖擞衣服饮食住处三种贪着之行法也。行事钞头陀行仪编曰:“善见云:头陀者汉言抖擞,谓抖擞烦恼,离诸滞着。”同资持记曰:“抖擞举弃于物令尽无余,从喻为名。”大乘义章十五曰:“头陀胡语,此方正翻名为抖拣,此离着行,从喻名之。如衣抖拣能去尘垢,修习此行,能舍贪着,故曰抖拣。”玄应音义七曰:“头陀此应讹也,正言杜多,译云去洮汰,言大洒也,旧云斗薮一义也。”瑜伽伦记六下曰:“旧言头陀讹也,今名杜多,此云修治,或翻抖拣,翻洗浣等。”释氏稽古略曰:“宗一禅师往开元寺受具,雪峰以其苦行,呼为头陀。”按俗称僧人之行脚乞食者为头陀。亦称行者。
头陀十八物《佛学大辞典》
(名数)头陀所使用之十八种道具。即杨枝,澡豆,三衣,瓶,钵,坐具,锡杖,香炉,奁,漉水囊,手巾,刀子,火燧,镊子,绳床,经律,佛像,菩萨像之称。律中之十三资具。为比丘用物,与此有别。为后世之修行者制之。
头陀第一《佛学大辞典》
(故事)十大弟子中以迦叶为头陀行第一。增一阿含经三曰:“十二头陀难得之行,所谓大迦叶比丘是。”法华文句一曰:“增一阿含佛法中行十二头陀难行苦行,大迦叶第一。”
头陀行《佛学大辞典》
(术语)头陀之行法,虽有十二种,然多就乞食之一行而云。
头陀袋《佛学大辞典》
(物名)为头陀行人所携之袋也。
头面作礼《佛学大辞典》
(术语)以我头面顶礼尊者之足也。智度论十曰:“何以曰头面礼足?答曰:人身中第一贵者头,五情所著而最在上故。足第一贱,履不净处最在下故。是故以所贵礼所贱,贵重供养故。”观无量寿经曰:“遥见世尊,头面作礼。”法华经化城喻品曰:“时诸梵天王,头面礼佛,绕百千匝。”
头首《佛学大辞典》
(职位)禅林分诸役僧为东西之两班,西班之诸役,谓之头首,东班之诸役,谓之知事。前堂首座,后堂首座,书记等是头首也。敕修清规两序章列西序之头首,曰:“前堂首座,后堂首座,书记,知藏,知客,知浴,知殿,烧香侍者,书状侍者,请客侍者,衣钵侍者,汤药待者,圣僧侍者是也。”
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