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Term Definition
宾伽罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Piṅgala(Nilanetra),梵志名。译曰青目。释龙树之中观论。中论序曰:“今所出者,是天竺梵志名宾伽罗,秦言青目之所释也。”
宾吒罗《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Piṇḍāra,又作宾跎罗。地狱名。译曰集欲。普超经下曰:“舍利弗!阿阇世王所入地狱名宾吒罗(秦曰集欲),适入寻出,其身不遭苦恼之患。”可洪音义六下曰:“宾跎罗,地狱名也。晋云集欲,又云宾头。”
宾坻《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Piṇḍada,给孤独长者之梵名也。玄应音义十四曰:“宾坻,直讥切,或作邠坻,音府旻切。案梵本云阿那他宾荼揭利呵跋底Anāthapiṇḍadagṛhapati,此云给孤独长者也。”
宾头《佛学大辞典》
(界名)地狱名。见“宾吒罗”条。

又(人名)宾头卢之略。罗汉名。

宾头卢《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Piṇḍola,罗汉名。见“宾头卢颇罗堕”条。
宾头卢伽《佛学大辞典》
(异类)鬼王名。译曰立不动。见金光明文句七。
宾头卢住世因缘《佛学大辞典》
(本生)法苑珠林四十二曰:“昔有树提伽长者,造旃檀钵着络囊中,悬高象牙杙上作是言:若沙门婆罗门不以梯杖能得者即与之。诸外道知欲现神通,挑头而去。宾头卢闻是事白目连言:实尔不?答言实尔。汝师子吼中第一,便往取之。其目连惧佛教不肯取。宾头卢即往其舍入禅定,申手取之。依四分律,当时坐于方石纵广极大,逐身飞空,得钵已还去。佛闻呵责:云何比丘为外道钵(旃檀钵非比丘宜持之物),而于未受戒人前现神通力?从今尽形摈汝,不得住阎浮提。于是宾头卢如佛教敕往西瞿耶尼,教化四众,广宣佛法。阎浮提四部弟子思见宾头卢白佛,佛听还坐,现神足故不听涅槃。敕令为末世四部众作福田。其亦自誓三天下有请悉赴。”(依十诵律三十七,四分律五十一)。杂阿含经二十三宾头卢自说曰:“世寿住舍卫国,五百阿罗汉俱。时给孤独长者女,适在富楼那跋陀那国。时彼女请佛及比丘僧,时诸比丘各乘空而往彼,我尔时以神力合大山往受彼请。时世尊责我:汝那得现神足如是?我今罚汝,常在于世不得取涅槃,护持我正法,勿令灭也。”请宾头卢经曰:“宾头卢者字也,颇罗堕誓者姓也。其人为树提长者现神足故,佛摈之不听入涅槃,敕令为末法四部众作福田。”
宾头卢住处《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)杂阿含二十三曰:“时王(阿育王也)白尊者曰:尊者今住在何处?尊者答王曰:在于北山,山名犍陀摩罗,共诸同梵行僧。”请宾头卢经曰:“请时于静处烧香礼拜,向天竺摩梨山至心称名言。”(云云)。
宾头卢突罗阇为优陀延王说法经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,宋求那跋陀罗译。宾头卢原为优陀延王(又云优填王)臣,既出家证阿罗汉果,还国为国王说种种之譬喻,明五欲之可厌恶。
宾头卢经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)请宾头卢经之略名。
宾头卢迎王王七年失国《佛学大辞典》
(故事)四分律五十三说,世尊在拘睒弥国,王优陀延是宾头卢亲厚之知识,王朝哺常往问讯。时有不信乐之婆罗门大臣,见宾头卢不起迎王,以恶心谏止王。王曰:明日清旦当往,若不起,当夺其命。明旦宾头卢遥见王来,便远迎,先意问讯言:善来大王。王问言:汝今何意起迎我?答言:为汝故起。王言昨日何故不起?答言:亦为汝故。王问:云何为我?答言:汝昨日善心来,今日怀恶心来。若我不起,当夺我命。若夺我命,必堕地狱。若起迎王,将失王位。然宁使失王位,不可使堕地狱。是故起。王曰:几日失王位?言却后七日必失王位。即如记,至第七日,慰禅王国波罗殊提王来捉王,七年锁脚囚禁。”法华文句记曰:“宾头卢知七年失国,及稠禅师进否为王。”
宾头卢颇罗堕《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Piṇḍolabharadvāja,具曰宾头卢颇罗堕誓。略曰宾头卢或宾头。十六罗汉中之第一宾头卢尊者也。永住于世,现白头长眉之相。名宾头卢,姓颇罗堕,又曰宾头卢突罗阇,宾度罗跋罗惰阇。宾头卢翻言不动,颇罗堕译言捷疾,利根,重瞳等。婆罗门十八姓名之一。此人原为拘舍弥城优陀延王(又云优填王)之臣,王以其精勤,使之出家,证阿罗汉果。而对于白衣,妄弄神通,为佛呵责,不得住于阎浮提,使往化西瞿耶尼洲,后阎浮四众,思见之,白佛。佛听还,而不听入于涅槃。使永住于南天之摩梨山,度灭后之众生。元照弥陀经疏曰:“宾头卢此翻不动,颇罗堕真谛翻捷疾,或利根,或广语。婆罗门中一姓也。”名义集一曰:“宾头卢翻不动,字也,颇罗堕姓也。本行集经翻重瞳。”法住记曰:“第一尊者宾度罗跋啰堕阇,(中略)与自眷属千阿罗汉,多分住西瞿陀尼洲。”杂阿含经二十三曰:“时王(阿育王也)见尊者宾头卢,头发皓白,辟支佛体,(中略)尊者宾头卢以手举眉毛视王言:我见如来于世无譬类。”
宾头沙罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Bindusāra,王子名。译曰遍实。见阿育王经一。
宾荼波底迦《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Piṇḍapātika与傧荼波多同。
宾钵罗《佛学大辞典》
(植物)Pippala,毕钵罗之异称,树名。付法藏传一曰:“迦叶辞如来,往耆阇崛山宾钵罗窟。”
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