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Term Definition
寒冰地狱《佛学大辞典》
(界名)以寒风冰冻责罪之地狱。十六游增地狱之一。见三藏法数四十五、一名呵罗罗,又名阿婆婆皆像其寒颤,声也。
寒山《佛学大辞典》
(人名)宋高僧传十九(丰干传)曰:“寒山子,世谓为贫子,风狂士也,幽止天台始丰县西七十里寒岩中。时国清寺有拾得者,寺僧使知事食堂。恒拾众僧残食菜滓,断巨竹为筒,投藏于内,若寒山子来,即负去。或经行廊下,或时叫唤凌人,或望空漫骂。寺僧不耐,以杖逼逐,则翻身抚掌,呵呵徐退。然其布襦零落,面貌枯瘁,以桦皮为冠,曳大木屐。初台州守闾丘,入寺问寒山,见之而拜。寺僧惊曰:大官何礼风狂夫?二人连臂笑傲出寺。闾丘复往寒岩访问:送衣裳药物。高声唱曰:贼我,贼退,便身缩入岩穴中,其穴自合。寒山有诗,题于山林间,集之成卷,云寒山诗集,行于世。”稽古略三曰:“闾丘曰:天台国清有贤达否。丰干曰:寒山文殊,拾得普贤,宜就见之。闾丘入寺,拜二大士。二士走曰丰干饶舌,弥陀不识,礼我何为?”案闾丘者,闾丘胤也。
寒山寺《佛学大辞典》
(寺名)在江苏吴县西十里枫桥。相传寒山拾得尝止此,故名。张继诗曰:“姑苏城外寒山寺。”
寒山拾得《佛学大辞典》
(人名)唐贞观时二僧,高僧传。丰干师居天台国清寺,出云游,适闾丘胤出守台山,问彼有贤达否?曰寒山文殊,拾得普贤,状如贫子,又似风狂。闾丘至任,入寺见二人拜之。二人曰:丰干饶舌。便连臂走出,寻其遗物,见拾得偈词。四库书目有寒山子诗集二卷。丰干拾得诗一卷。参照寒山条。
寒山诗《佛学大辞典》
(书名)三卷,道翘录。集录寒山之诗颂者。所收凡三百余首。概为五言律,有奇骨,有清韵,有雅致。脱出六朝间艳丽绮靡之流弊,专呼号心灵之活动,可谓开千古一家之流风者。附录载丰干诗,拾得诗。合称此三诗曰三隐集。卷首有台州刺史闾丘胤序。此书有异本,宋淳熙十六年禹穴沙门志南编辑本,及明计益都刻本等是也。注释之佳者,为寒山诗阐提纪闻三卷(白隐),寒山诗索赜三卷(大鼎),寒山诗管解六卷(连山),寒山诗首书三卷等。
寒山诗集《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,唐闾丘胤撰,寒山之遗偈。
寒暑到来《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)公案名。犹言生死到来。洞山录曰:“僧问洞山:寒暑到来,如何回避?山云:何不向无寒暑处去?僧云:如何是无寒暑处?山曰:寒时寒杀阇梨,热时热杀阇梨。”是即道破生也全机现,死也全机现之当体者也。
寒林《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)林葬之处,定一林为墓所,运死尸而弃于此,饲诸禽兽也。梵语尸陀,尸陀Śitavana,其林幽邃而寒故。又横死尸所,入之者畏而毛戴寒栗。故名寒林。玄应音义七曰:“尸陀林,正言尸多婆那,此名寒林。其林幽邃而寒,因以名也。在王舍城侧,死人多送其中。今总指弃尸之处,为尸陀林者,取彼名之也。”释氏要览下曰:“寒林,即西域弃尸处。僧祇律云:谓多死尸,凡入者可畏毛寒,故名寒林。”尸陀林者,寒林之逆翻,而非原语之正者。原语为Śmaśāna。相当于法显传之尸摩赊那(墓田),名义集七之舍摩奢那(冢)。
寒林经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)大寒林圣难拏陀罗尼经之异名。
寒苦鸟《佛学大辞典》
(动物)又名雪山鸟。天竺雪山有寒苦鸟,终夜[此*鸟]说杀我寒故,雄鸣夜明造巢。至旦有朝日暖映,亦不造巢,但鸣曰:何故造作栖,安稳无常身?今日不知死,明日不知死。天竺为佛国,鸟兽亦有功德,故作无常偈,如此啭也。或云:妻鸟鸣寒苦逼身,夜明造巢。夫鸟鸣今日不知死,明日不知死,何故造作栖,安稳无常身?
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