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Term Definition
少光天《佛学大辞典》
(界名)色界二禅天中第一天之名。
少净天《佛学大辞典》
(界名)色界第三禅第一天之名。意识受净妙之乐,故名净。第三禅天之中,此天最少,故名少净。见颂疏世间品一。
少善根《佛学大辞典》
(术语)少分之善根。阿弥陀经曰:“不可以少善根福德因缘得生彼国。”
少室《佛学大辞典》
(地名)为嵩岳之别峰。魏孝文为佛陀禅师于此立少林寺。即初祖达磨九年面壁之处。见“少林寺”条。
少室六门集《佛学大辞典》
(书名)第一门心经颂,第二门破相论,第三门二种入,第四门安心法门,第五门悟性论,第六门血脉论,各有一卷。禅门诸师以之为达磨之新撰而传于世者。颇可疑也。
少康《佛学大辞典》
(人名)唐睦州乌龙山净土道场之少康,俗姓周氏。七岁出家。十五岁往越州嘉祥寺受戒。五夏后,往上元龙兴寺学经论。贞元初至洛阳白马寺殿,得善导西方化导之文,大喜,遂诣长安光明寺善导影堂发愿。得善导之灵告。决心专修念佛。至睦州开念佛道场,散钱于市井。使唱念佛。贞元二十一年寂。时人号为后善导。见宋僧传二十五,佛祖统纪二十六,乐邦文类三。
少林寺《佛学大辞典》
(寺名)在嵩山之少室。后魏孝文帝为天竺佛陀禅师建之。初祖达磨在此面壁九年。文苑汇志地理志曰:“龙鱼河图云:五岳中岳嵩山,三十六峰,东谓大室,西少室,相去十七里,嵩者其总名也。谓之室者,以其下有石室焉。少室高八百六十丈。”洛阳伽蓝记曰:“少林寺在少室北麓,后魏孝文帝建之。”续高僧传十六(佛陀传)曰:“性爱幽栖,林谷是托。屡往嵩岳,高谢人世。有敕就少室山为之造寺,今之少林是也。”大明一统志二十九曰:“河南府少林寺在登封县西少室北麓,后魏时建,梁时达磨居此面壁九年。”
少林武艺《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)白醉璅言曰:“少林寺当黄巾之乱,众僧惶惧欲散,忽一火头老僧自庖中出曰:公等勿忧,老僧一棒驱之。众笑其妄,僧运三尺棍,径入黄巾队中,遭者辟易,遂散去。僧归,以其法授众僧而隐,乃紧那罗佛显化也。由此少林以武勇闻,唐初王世充之败,僧与有功,而不愿官爵。太宗遥授以将军之号。”樵书九曰:“今之武艺,天下莫不让少林,其次为伏牛,伏牛亦学于少林者,其次为五台,五台之传,本于杨氏女,所传杨家枪者是也。”清一统志曰:“或云天竺迦佛陀禅师隋时至中国,隋帝于嵩山为起少林寺(或云:少林寺,后魏太和年建,隋文帝改为陟岵,唐复名少林,在河南登封县西北少室山北麓),后其徒昙宗等佐唐太宗平王世充,有功者十三人。僧徒常习武事,故技击有少林派。”田雯游少林寺记曰:“六祖手植柏,柯叶贞萋,蔽亏曦景。左右碑以百数,汉以前者率漫漶不可读,自晋迄唐,完毁半焉。一碑刊唐太宗为秦王时讨王世充,赐寺僧御札。盖当时僧之立武功者十三人,惟昙宗授大将军,其余不欲官,赐紫罗袈裟各一袭,此可补唐书之阙矣。”案学佛者,当专修佛道不应兼习武艺。
少欲知足《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)不多求曰少欲。得少而不懊恼曰知足。无量寿经上曰:“忍力成就,不计众苦。少欲知足,无染恚痴。”法华经劝发品曰:“是人少欲知足,能修普贤之行。”涅槃经曰:“狮子吼菩萨问云:少欲知足有何差别?佛言:少欲者不求不取,知足者得少不悔恨。”
少财鬼《佛学大辞典》
(异类)饿鬼少得食物者。见“饿鬼”条。
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