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Term Definition
尼《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)出家之女子也。梵语曰比丘尼。比丘之语,通于男女。尼之音,示女性。僧史略曰:“汉明帝既听刘峻等出家,又听洛阳妇女阿潘等出家。”案此为中国有尼之始也。善见论曰:“尼者女也。”文句二之上曰:“尼者,天竺女人通名也。”
尼僧正《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)“南宋文帝元嘉十二年敕尼宝贤为尼僧正。”见释书二十七。
尼刺部陀《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Nirarbuda’,又作尼赖浮陀,八寒地狱第二之名。玄应音义二十四曰:“尼刺,此云裂,言身疱裂也。”俱舍光记十一曰:“尼刺部陀,此云疱裂。严寒逼身,身疱裂也。”四阿含暮抄下曰:“尼赖浮陀,寒地狱名,此言不卒起。”
尼坛《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)比丘尼之受戒坛也。僧史略曰:“受戒初本僧尼同坛,本朝(北宋)太祖不许尼住僧中,自是始别为坛。”宋朝会要曰:“开宝五年二月,诏自今尼有合度者,只许于本寺起坛受戒。”按自此始别立尼受戒坛也。
尼夜摩《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Niyāma,译曰决定。慧琳音义十九曰:“尼夜摩位是菩萨不退转位也。”瑜伽略纂十三曰:“尼夜摩可言决定。”
尼大师《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)尊尼而称为大师者,支那多其例。见象器笺五。
尼姑《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)女僧也。释典名比丘尼。简称尼俗谓之尼姑。
尼寺《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)比丘尼所住之寺也。世亲传曰:“于阿输阇国起三寺,一比丘尼寺,二萨婆多部寺,三大乘寺。”我国西晋建兴中,尼净检等于洛阳城西,创建竹林寺,是为尼寺之始。
尼师但那《佛学大辞典》
(物名)与尼师坛同。
尼师坛《佛学大辞典》
(物名)Niṣīdana,又作尼师但那,[宁*页]史娜曩。译言坐具。一曰随坐衣。亦为卧具。长四广三。坐卧时,敷地护身,又布于卧具上护卧具之具也。以为礼拜之具者,谬也。寄归传二曰:“尼师但那坐卧具也。”行事钞下一曰:“四分为身为衣为卧具故制。”慧琳音义一曰:“尼师坛,梵语略也。正梵音具足应云[宁*页]史娜曩,唐译为敷具,今之坐具也。”名义集谓佛初度五人,及迦叶兄弟。并制袈裟,坐具在袈裟下。后度诸众,徒侣渐多。年少比丘,仪容端美,入城乞食,多为女爱。由是制衣角在左肩,后为风飘,听以尼师坛镇上。后外道达摩多问比丘,肩上片布,持将何用?答曰:拟将坐之。达摩多曰:此衣既为可贵,有大威灵,岂得以所坐之布而居其上?比丘白佛:由此佛制还以衣角居于左肩,坐具还在衣下。张希复诗云:共覆三衣中夜寒,披时不镇尼师坛。即谓此也。
尼干子问无我义经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,马鸣菩萨集。宋日称等译。尼犍外道诣大乘学者所,问无我之义,大乘学者为说无我之义,有偈颂。
尼干陀《佛学大辞典》
(流派)又作尼犍陀。略曰尼干。见“尼犍”条。
尼干陀子《佛学大辞典》
(流派)与尼干子同。
尼延底《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Nyanti’,译曰深入,执取。贪之异名也。玄应音义二十五曰:“尼延底此言深入,贪之异名也。言穷极无厌,故以名之。”俱舍光记十六曰:“尼延底,此云执取,或云趣入,或云执滞。”
尼建他迦《佛学大辞典》
(异类)又作尼延他柯。夜叉名。译曰无咽。见大孔雀经上。梵Nirkaṇṭhaka。
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