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Term Definition
居伦《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又作居邻,拘轮,俱邻。五比丘之第一。阿若憍陈如也。玄应音义四曰:“居伦大哀经作拘轮,译云本际,第一解法者也。普曜经云:俱邻者解本际也,阿若者言已知也。正言解了,拘邻亦姓也。”又曰:“拘邻,或作居伦,或作拘轮。皆梵言讹也。此云本际,则经中尊者了本际,尊者知本际,皆是也。此即憍陈如。”见“阿若憍陈如”条。梵ājñātakauṇdinya。
居士《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)梵语曰迦罗越kulapati,居财之士,居家之士,在家志佛道者。辍耕录曰:“今人多以居士自号。考之六经,惟礼记有居士锦带。注,谓道艺处士也。”吴曾能改斋漫录曰:“居士之号,起于商周之时。韩非子书曰:太公封于齐,东海上有居士狂矞华士昆弟二人立议曰:吾不臣天子,不友诸侯,耕而食之,掘而饮之云云。则居士之由来久矣。”魏志管宁传曰:“胡居士贤者也。”南史曰:“阮孝绪屏居一室,家人莫得见其面。亲友因呼为居士。到洽筑室岩阿,幽居积岁,时人号曰居士。虞寄居闽中,知刺史陈宝应有异志。恐祸及,乃着居士服,居东山寺。”魏书曰:“卢景裕不仕,贞素自得,人号居士。”今为在家修禅者之称。注维摩经一:“什曰:外国白衣多财富乐者,名为居士。肇曰:积财一亿,入居士里。宝货弥殖故,贪着弥深。”天台观音义疏曰:“居士者,多积贿货,居业丰盈,以此为名也。”慧远维摩经疏一曰:“居士有二:一广积资财,居财之士,名为居士。二在家修道,居家道士,名为居士。”嘉祥法华义疏十二曰:“居士有二种:一居舍之士,故名居士。二居财一亿,故名居士。”法华玄赞十曰:“守道自恬,寡欲蕴德,名为居士。”十诵律六曰:“居士者,除王王臣及婆罗门种。余在家白衣,是名居士。”
居士传《佛学大辞典》
(书名)清彭际清着。为传五十六。列人二百二十七。附列者又七十七人。其发凡曰:“佛门人文记载,其专系宰官白衣者,故有佑法师宏明集,宣律师广宏明集,心泰佛法金汤,姚孟长金汤征文录,夏树芳法喜志。其以沙门为主兼收外护者,则有志磐佛祖统纪,念常佛祖通载,以及传灯录,续传灯录,五灯会元,东林传,往生传诸书。所录事言,互有详略。或失之冗,或失之疏。至朱时恩居士分灯录,郭凝之先觉宗乘,李士材居士禅灯录,并本五灯,止扬宗乘。于诸三昧法门,有所未备。今节取诸书者十之五,别征史传诸家文集,诸经序录,百家杂说,视诸书倍之。裁别缀属,成列传五十余篇。详其入道因缘,成道功候,俾有志者,各随根性,或宗,或教,或净土,观感愿乐,具足师资(云云)。”等不等观杂录三曰:“居士传内汪大绅评语,直截痛快,实具宗匠手眼。但其中每引程朱为契合,似觉不类。度其意,无非欲引理学家究明心宗耳。然理学家既宗程朱,决不信有此事。是汪君援引之意,不能令儒者生信,反令儒者易视禅宗,以为不出程朱心学矣。甚哉!立言之不可不慎也。予愿他日重刻此传,将评语内与儒家牵合者节去,未始非护法之一端也。”
居简《佛学大辞典》
(人名)四川人。姓王氏,一作龙氏。谒育王德光,得其法印。后于杭州净慈寺开法道。于寺之北涧筑室居之。着有北涧集十九卷,北涧续集一卷。淳佑六年寂。见续传灯录,释氏稽古略,五灯严统等。
居虚倅略《佛学大辞典》
(界名)十八地狱之一。见“地狱”条附录。
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