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Term Definition
师《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语乌波你也Upādhyāya,教以道者之通称也。律中分得戒师与受业师之二。释氏要览上曰:“师有二种:一亲教师,即是依之出家。二依止师,即是依之禀受三学。”梵语杂名曰:“师,乌波你也。”
师主《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)师为弟子之所主,故曰师主。有部毗奈耶二十七曰:“我之师主。”
师保《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)师,保持弟子,故曰师保。增一阿含经十四曰:“我亦无师保。”智度论一曰:“我行无师保,志一无等侣。”
师僧《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)我仰为师之僧也。由檀越言之。明眼论曰:“一度赴请之师僧以其檀那如亲子弟。”梵网经下曰:“孝顺父母,师僧三宝。”
师兄《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅林之语。法兄也。温公续诗话曰:“惠崇诗,每犯古人。或嘲之云:不是师兄多犯古,古人诗句犯师兄。”按五灯会元,宝寿称谭空和尚师兄。空曰:汝却与我作师兄,则师兄乃其同道中之称耳。
师匠《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)师成弟子之三学,如工匠之成器,故譬之为匠。大宝积经百十二曰:“无量禅定福德业成,善寂调心,以为师匠。”有部毗奈耶四十曰:“汝等当觅上好师匠。”演密钞四曰:“匠是工匠,如世工匠能匠成诸器,阿阇梨法匠,能匠成三乘三学法器。”
师姑《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)尼姑之称。按青州报恩寺大圣院清座主灵骨记云:先师姑度小姑二人,师姐座主度小师五人,又后周云门山大云寺重修壁龛记,女弟子骆氏,长名大师姑,次女小师姑,并见段松苓益都金石记,则此称由来已久。传灯录曰:“有尼参保福从展。展问阿谁。侍者报曰:觉师姑。又五台智通忽大悟曰:师姑元是女人作。”按广异记,大历时,某寺尼令婢往市买饼。见朱自劝,问云:汝和尚好否?又云闻汝和尚未挟纩,今附绢二疋与和尚作寒具,婢承命持绢授尼,则唐时尼亦称和尚。鸡肋编云:京师尼讳师姑,号女和尚,有自来也。
师子《佛学大辞典》
(动物)又作狮子,梵语枲伽Siṁha,又曰僧伽彼,兽中之王也。经中以譬佛之勇猛。无量寿经上曰:“人雄师子,神德无量。”智度论曰:“又如师子四足兽中独步无畏能伏一切。佛亦如是,于九十六种外道中一切降伏,故名人师子。”梵语杂名曰:“师子,枲伽。”名义集二曰:“僧伽彼,此云师子。”孔雀王咒经下曰:“僧伽夜叉,僧伽,梁言师子。”大孔雀王咒经中曰:“僧诃(师子),邬波僧诃(小师子)。”

又马头观音,名狮子无畏观音。

师子乳《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)以譬菩提心。华严经七十八曰:“譬如有人以牛羊等种种诸乳假使积聚盈于大海。以师子乳一滴投中。悉皆变坏直过无碍。菩萨摩诃萨亦复如是。以如来师子菩提心乳。着无量劫业烦恼乳大海中。悉令坏灭直过无碍。”
师子卧法《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)使比丘之卧法如师子也。中阿含经曰:“世尊告阿难曰:汝卧当如师子卧法。尊者阿难白曰:世尊!兽王师子卧法云何?世尊答曰:阿难!兽王师子昼为食行,行已入窟。若欲眠时,足足相累,展尾在后,右胁而卧。”
师子吼《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)佛在大众中为决定之说而无所畏,谓为师子吼。涅槃经二十七曰:“师子吼者,名决定说。”维摩经佛国品曰:“演法无畏,犹如师子吼。”同注曰:“肇曰:师子吼,无畏音也。凡所言说不畏群邪异学,喻师子吼众兽下之。”胜鬘宝窟中末曰:“所言不怯名师子吼。”临济录曰:“师子一吼,野干脑裂。”
师子吼十一事《佛学大辞典》
(名数)破坏诈师子等。见涅槃经二十七。
师子吼经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)大方广师子吼经之略名。
师子国《佛学大辞典》
(地名)梵曰僧伽罗Siṁhala国,译曰执师子国,略云师子国,今之锡兰岛也。见“执师子国”条。
师子国饿鬼《佛学大辞典》
(传说)月支摩诃衍传法菩萨游化苏摩耶诸国,至师子国海畔,见五百饿鬼。问住海渚几时矣?饿鬼答曰:不知几时,祇见大海七变兴耳。见法华传记九。【师子国饿鬼】(传说)见“饿鬼”条。
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