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Term Definition
异世五师《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)阿育王传于佛灭后传化之师,揭五人:一摩诃迦叶,二阿难,三摩田提,四商那和斯,五优婆鞠多也。此中摩田提与商那和斯,同禀于阿难,同世之师也,故于付法藏传二十三人之次第相承中不加之。然梁之僧佑,撰萨婆多部记五卷(出三藏记十二),揭有部之资师相传中次第此五师,嘉祥,南山,依之而立异世之五师。嘉祥之三论玄义曰:“萨婆多部传有异世五师,有同世五师。异世五师者:一迦叶,二阿难,三末田地,四舍那婆斯,五优婆掘多。此五人持佛法藏各得二十余年,更相付属,名异世也。”南山之戒疏一上,亦揭阿育王传之五师,中曰:“三师末田提,四师商那和修,并是阿难亲承资奉。阿难将灭,以法付二人。田提道洽罽宾,和修化在中国,是则同时分地而王也。”舍利弗问经曰:“我寻涅槃,大伽叶等当共分别为比丘比丘尼作大依止,如我不异,伽叶传付阿难,阿难复付末田地,末田地复付舍那婆私,舍那婆私传付优波笈多。”止观一上曰:“付法藏人,始迦叶终师子二十三人,末田地与商那同时,取之则二十四人。”

又善见律二出传戒之五师,即第三结集时正系派之传统也。曰:“第一优波离Upāli,第二驮写拘Dāsaka,第三须那拘Sonaka,第四悉伽婆Sggava,第五目犍连子帝须Moggalipntta Tissa。此五师于阎浮利地,以律藏次第相付,不令断绝,即至第三结集。”

异义《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)别立义而异于他者。佛升忉利天为母说法经下曰:“其佛所说,不讲异义。”慈恩之宗轮论疏曰:“后别立义,乖初所立,与本宗别,名末宗异义。”
异人《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)与言他人,别人等同。法华经序品曰:“妙光菩萨,岂异人乎,我身是也。”
异出菩萨本起经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)西晋聂道真译。一卷。
异口同音《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)人数多时,众人为同一之语也。报恩经一曰:“异口同音,俱发声言。”南本涅槃经十曰:“异口同音,唱如是说。”慈恩之弥勒上生经疏曰:“身别故异口,语等故同音。”
异品《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明学与宗义相异之品类曰异品,即用于异喻者。入正理论曰:“异品者。谓于是处。无其所立。”
异品一分转同品遍转不定《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明三十三过中,属于因之过名。为因异喻一分通,同品全分通者,以其一分通于异喻使宗不定也。见入正理论,因明大疏上。
异品遍无性《佛学大辞典》
(术语)因明学之语。于体当具三义中之第三义,谓因必望于宗之异品即异喻之物,具宗义遍无之性也。见入正理论因明大疏上二。
异因《佛学大辞典》
(术语)异之原因。别途之原因。遗教经曰:“集实是因,更无异因。”
异学《佛学大辞典》
(术语)异于我道之学问。毁斥之称。涅槃经一曰:“摧伏异学坏正法者。”散善义曰:“异见异学。”
异安心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)异于正统派之安心也。毁斥之语。为真宗之常语。
异心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓二心。移于他之心也。法华经譬喻品曰:“若人恭敬,无有异心,离诸凡愚,独处山泽,如是之人,乃可为说。”
异慧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)异于正理之种种邪智也。大疏九曰:“勿生于异慧。(中略)异慧是分别妄想之慧。”
异执《佛学大辞典》
(术语)固执异于正理之理而不动之迷情也。善导之观经疏四曰:“异见异学异执。”教行信证六末曰:“教诫邪伪异执外教。”
异方便《佛学大辞典》
(术语)特殊之方便也。法华经方便品曰:“更以异方便,助显第一义。”观无量寿经曰:“诸佛如来,有异方便,令汝得见。”
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