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Term Definition
弟子《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵云室洒Śṣya,译曰所教,即弟子也,就师而受教者也。就佛言之,则声闻菩萨,通是弟子;但以声闻人之形仪,最亲顺于佛,故特称为弟子。行事钞上三曰:“学在我后名之为弟,解从义生名之为子。”同资持记曰:“以师望资,犹弟犹子。以资望师,如兄如父。”维摩经净影疏曰:“声闻学在佛后故名为弟,从佛化生故复称子。”维摩经嘉祥疏曰:“问声闻菩萨皆弟子,何意声闻云弟子,菩萨不称弟子耶?解云:通例而不尔者,声闻亲侍佛,形仪如法,故云弟子。菩萨形无定方,反常合道,如文殊按剑欲刺佛,非弟子之法,故不得云弟子也。”求法高僧传上曰:“室洒,译为所教,旧云弟子者非也。”
弟子位《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于真言行称五种三昧耶中第三之三昧耶受明灌顶已下为弟子位,称第四已上为阿阇梨位。义释十二曰:“若弟子之位未得许可,固不在言限,何可妄说?”
弟子十德《佛学大辞典》
(名数)弟子欲受灌顶者,应具十德。是灌顶具支分之随一也。一、信心,阿阇梨观彼现在之根性或久远之因缘,于此不思议之缘起三种秘密(即三密)诸法便中,直信无疑,能无怖畏,乃堪摄受也。二、种姓清净,可为婆罗门等四种大姓者,若是旃陀罗等,则以家法相承,习行不清净事之故,性弊恶多,若为作传法灌顶,使流通大法,则轻慢他,或成匮法之因缘,即如比丘之受具,亦宜简去毁辱众僧之极卑下姓也。若但为结缘受法,则非所论。复次,若久远以来曾有发菩提心之因缘,则是生于如来种姓中,最为殊胜。三、恭敬三宝,于佛法众僧起淳厚谦下之心,常好亲近供养,尊重赞叹,可知是人有前世行过之因缘也。四、深慧严身,如是等于虚空之无边佛法,非劣慧者心器所能堪,故以智性深利自为庄严者,乃可为说也。五、堪忍无懈怠,此是有所能堪而无所退屈之义,梵音与忍辱不同。谓求法之因缘,种种艰苦之事,皆能作之,假令一度不成,复更发迹而修之,如誓挹尽大海而后已,若人之志性如是,则可传法也。六、尸罗净无缺,于在家出家之律仪,乃至于本姓受之诸禁戒,随所奉持,深心防护,无有缺毁,若具如是之性则虽未入三昧耶平等大誓,亦当恭顺无违,故堪传法也。七、忍辱,于内外违顺境界八种大风,其心安忍,无所倾动,可知是人必不犯持明之重禁,作不利众生之行(此十重禁之第四也),故堪传法也。八、不悭吝,于所有财法常念惠施,于来求者,心无鄙吝,可知是人不犯持明之重禁而悭吝正法(此十重禁中第三),故堪传受也。九、勇健,即是阿阇梨中之德,勇健之菩提心之种姓,于行道时,遇种种可畏之色声,亦心不怯弱,乃至出生入死无怖畏之想,正顺于菩提萨埵大人所行,故可传授也。十、坚愿行,此是要心之愿,梵音与求之愿不同,如自立志每日念诵三时,则终竟一期,虽遇种种之异缘,亦无间绝,如是事有终始则善行菩萨之事时,亦不亏本誓,故堪传法也。然此所说弟子之十德,若兼备者,甚为希有,但有所偏长,可望匠成,即应摄受。又如声闻之受具时观察种种之遮难,如所谓太小太老色貌瑕疵诸病患等。是恐白衣之嫌呵故也。今此摩诃衍,即不如是,但使道机可济,则虽有诸余过失,亦皆所不观也。见大日经疏四。
弟子品《佛学大辞典》
(经名)维摩经之品名,第三品也。如来闻维摩居士病于毗耶离城遣五百弟子顺次问疾,诸人各陈昔日为居士受屈,不堪问疾而辞,因此名为弟子品。

又法华经第四卷所说五百弟子授记品之略名。

弟子死复生经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,刘宋沮渠京声译。有优婆塞先事外道,后奉佛戒,死去十日复生,说冥中所见之事,以化一家,使皆见佛得果。
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