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Term Definition
弥伽《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)Megha,善财童子五十三知识中之第四知识名,良医也。晋华严经四十七曰:“于此南方有一国土,名曰自在,城名视药,彼有良医,名曰弥伽。汝诣彼问:云何菩萨向菩萨行?”探玄记十八曰:“弥伽者,此翻名云,谓能注法雨润益众生故名也。”慧苑音义下曰:“弥伽,此云能降伏,或翻为云也。”
弥伽释迦《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Meghaśikhara,沙门名,译曰云峰。宋僧传二曰:“乌苌国沙门弥伽释迦。注云:释迦稍讹,正云铄佉,此云云峰。”
弥兰《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Milinda,王名。译曰慈。弥兰王问那先比丘,人一生造恶,命终时念佛生天,如何?那先以船上置石之譬答之。见“那先比丘经”。
弥勒《佛学大辞典》
(佛名)Maitreya,新称弥帝隶,梅低梨,迷谛隶,梅怛丽,每怛哩,梅怛丽药,昧怛[口*履]曳。菩萨之姓也。译曰慈氏。名阿逸多,译曰无能胜。或言阿逸多为姓,弥勒为名。生于南天竺婆罗门家。绍释迦如来之佛位,为补处之菩萨。光佛入灭,生于兜率天内院。彼经四千岁(即人中五十六亿七千万岁),下生人间,于华林园龙华树下成正觉,初过去之弥勒,值佛而修得慈心三昧,故称为慈氏。乃至成佛,犹立是名也。注维摩经一曰:“什曰:弥勒,菩萨姓也。阿逸多,字也。南天竺婆罗门子。”法华嘉祥疏二曰:“弥勒,此云慈氏也。过去值弥勒佛发愿名弥勒也。出一切智光仙人经,弥勒昔作一切智光仙人。值慈氏佛说慈心三昧经,故曰慈也。华严经云:初得慈心三昧,故名慈也。”天台净名疏五曰:“言弥勒者,有云从姓立名,今谓非姓,恐是名也。何者?弥勒,此翻慈氏。过去为王名昙摩流支,慈育国人,国人称为慈氏。自尔至今常名慈氏,姓阿逸多,此云无胜。有言阿逸多是名。既不亲见正文,未可定执。”俱舍光记十八曰:“梅怛,此云慈。俪药,此云氏。菩萨于慈姓中生,从姓立名,故名慈氏。旧云弥勒,讹也。”玄应音义二十五曰:“梅怛丽药,此云慈,即旧云慈氏者也。慈有二因缘:一值慈佛发心,二初得慈心三昧。因以名焉。言弥勒或云梅低黎,并讹也。”慧苑音义下曰:“弥勒,具昧怛[口*履]曳,此翻为慈氏也。”慧琳音义十四曰:“弥帝隶,古云弥勒,皆讹略不正也,正音云每怛哩。”西域记七曰:“梅怛丽耶,唐言慈,即姓也。旧曰弥勒,讹略也。”在密教,胎藏界之弥勒,坐于中台八叶院东北方之莲上,金刚界之弥勒在贤劫十六尊中,坐于东方,羯磨会三十七尊中之西方金刚因菩萨,即为此尊之本誓,大轮金刚者,此尊之教令轮身也。密号曰迅疾金刚。
弥勒三会《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“三会”条附录。
弥勒三尊《佛学大辞典》
(图像)中尊为弥勒佛,左为法花林菩萨,右为大妙相菩萨。
弥勒三部《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“三部经”条附录。【弥勒三部】(名数)一、佛说观弥勒菩萨上生兜率天经一卷,二、佛说弥勒下生经一卷,三、佛说弥勒大成佛经一卷。
弥勒上生经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)具名观弥勒菩萨上生兜率天经。一卷,宋沮渠京声译。说弥勒上生兜率天及兜率内院(即弥勒净土)之乐事。疏注如下:弥勒上生经宗要一卷,新罗元晓撰。观弥勒上兜率天经赞二卷,唐窥基撰。弥勒上生经料简记一卷,唐憬兴撰。弥勒上生经述赞卷一,唐失名,不全。
弥勒下生成佛经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,唐义净译,弥勒下生经之异译。
弥勒下生经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)说弥勒自兜率天下生阎浮成佛之事。后秦鸠摩罗什译。又竺法护译,观弥勒菩萨下生经之异名。同本异译也。本经之疏注如下:弥勒下生经疏一卷,唐憬兴撰。弥勒下生经述赞卷二,唐失名,不全。
弥勒会《佛学大辞典》
(行事)祈念弥勒菩萨之法会也。
弥勒六部经《佛学大辞典》
(名数)弥勒下生经,弥勒来时经,弥勒下生成佛经,弥勒大成佛经。观弥勒菩萨上生兜率天经,弥勒下生成佛经(此与上第三雷同,疑有误,未敢擅改)之六部也。是等经典专说关于弥勒菩萨者。
弥勒净土《佛学大辞典》
(界名)欲界六天中第四之兜率天有内外二院。其内院常为补处菩萨之生处。今弥勒菩萨生于此。故谓之为弥勒之净土。弥勒上生经说净土之相。以劝愿生。
弥勒出世《佛学大辞典》
(术语)弥勒为贤劫千佛之第五佛。自今经五十六亿七千万年出世于第十之灭劫。继绍释迦佛。于龙华树下以三会之说法,化了一切之人天也。一切智兀明仙人慈心因缘不食肉经曰:“时诵经仙人者,今此众中婆罗门子弥勒菩萨摩诃萨是。我涅槃后五十六亿万岁当穣佉转轮圣王国土华林园中金刚座处龙华菩提树下得成佛道,转妙法轮。”菩萨处胎经二曰:“弥勒当知:汝复受记,五十六亿七千万岁于此树下成无上等正觉。”
弥勒受决经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)罗什译弥勒下生经之异名。
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