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Term Definition
律《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语优婆罗叉Uparakṣa,译曰律,毗尼Vinaya。译曰律者,义翻也(毗尼之正译曰灭,或调伏)。律犹言法,禁制之法也。又诠量,诠量罪之轻重也。大乘义章一本曰:“律者,外国名优婆罗叉,此翻名律。解释有二:一就教论,二就行辨。若当就教,诠量名律。若当就行,调伏名律。毗尼之教诠此律行,故称为律。又生律行,故复名律。”同七曰:“禁制之法,名之为律,律犹法也。”止观四曰:“律者,诠量轻重,分别犯不犯。”行事钞资持记上一之一曰:“律者,梵云毗尼,华言称律。今约戒疏统括诸文不出三义:初言律者法也,(中略)二云律者分也,(中略)三云律字安聿,聿者笔也。”同中一之二曰:“通禁制止名律。”
律之三大部《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“三大部”条。
律之二部《佛学大辞典》
(名数)窟内部(上座部),窟外部(大众部)即小乘根本之二部也。
律之四名《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一毗尼,译曰灭。新称毗奈耶Vinaya,译曰调伏。二木叉,译曰解脱,新称波罗提木叉Prātimoksa,译曰别解脱。三尸罗Sila,译曰戒,四优婆罗叉Upalakṣa,译曰律。此四者异名同体。见大乘义章一本。
律乘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)戒律之教法也。释门正统三曰:“南山律乘。”
律五论《佛学大辞典》
(名数)律宗所依之五部论。如毗尼母论,摩得勒论,善见论,萨婆多论,明了论是也。
律仪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)律者法律,仪者仪则,所制之法律,以防遏过非,恶律仪以防遏善事。因而立身之仪则也。通于善恶。善律仪者,大乘义章十曰:“言律仪者,制恶之法,说名为律。行依律戒,故号律义。又复内调亦为律,外应真则,目之为仪。”行事钞资持记中一之二曰:“通禁制止名律,造作有相名仪。”

又无表之戒体(旧云无作),名为律仪,此戒体在人之身中他无表示,故云无表,为不动身口意之作用,故云无作。而一旦得此戒体有防非止恶使人自顺律仪之功能,故名之为律仪。梵语三跋罗,义净译曰护。以戒体能护人也。大乘义章十曰:“无作之善说为律仪。”俱舍论十四曰:“能遮能灭恶戒相续,故名律仪。”有部百一羯磨一曰:“授与三归并五尊处成邬波索伽律仪护。”注曰:“此言护者,梵云三跋罗,译为拥护。由受归戒护使不落三途。旧云律仪即当义译,云是律法仪式。若但云护,恐学者未详,故两俱存。明了论已译为护,即是戒体无表色也。”见无表色条。

律仪戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三聚戒之第一。守诸律仪离过非之戒行也。
律宗《佛学大辞典》
(流派)戒律为三藏三学之一,通于诸宗,而唐南山道宣特依五部律中之四分律弘通戒律,故称之曰律宗。即四分律宗也。四分律者,佛灭后百年依昙无德罗汉而成别部,支那传译之,至唐之南山而大成。
律宗三家《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一相州日光寺之法砺,造四分律疏十卷,号为旧疏,宗依成实论。嵩山之定宾,作饰宗记十卷,解释之。二终南山之道宣,作四分行事钞三卷,宗依大乘唯识。三西太原寺东塔之怀素,造四分开宗记十卷(又曰开四分律宗记),号为新疏,盛斥前之二宗,宗依说一切有部。此三家在唐代各立异义,门叶互争,此名律之三宗。
律宗两家《佛学大辞典》
(流派)一疏家,法砺之旧疏也。二钞家,南山之行事钞也。
律师《佛学大辞典》
(职位)善解戒律者之称。涅槃经三曰:“如是能知佛法所作,善能解说是名律师,能解一字。”行事钞资持记下三之四曰:“一字者律字,以律训法总合大小开遮轻重。故虽博通,指归一字。”三德指归一曰:“像法决疑经及观心论皆明三师,谓律师禅师法师也。明练持犯曰律师。”日本取之为僧官之名。
律幢《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)戒律之法幢也,戒律能防止邪非之敌,故云幢。
律忏《佛学大辞典》
(术语)戒律所说之忏悔法也。局于出家之五众行之。行事钞中四之三曰:“若论律忏悔唯局道众。”
律法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)戒律之法也。
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