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Term Definition
念《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于所对之境记忆不忘也。唯识论三曰:“云何为念?于曾习境,令心明记不忘。”法界次第曰:“念者,内心存意之异名也。”大乘义章十二曰:“守境为念。”又深思其事也。法华经信解品曰:“即作是念,我财物库藏今有所付。”又心之发动,迁流于三世,谓之念。如前念,后念,念念等是也。
念不退《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三不退之一。谓菩萨既断根本无明,一分中道之正念,永不退失也。
念佛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)念佛有总别之分。就总言之,有三种,一称名念佛,口称佛名也。二观想念佛,静坐而观念佛之相好功德也。三实相念佛,观佛之法身非有非空中道实相之理也。此于往生要集配对定散有相无相,而为四种:一定业念佛,即上之观想念佛也。二散业念佛,即上之称名念佛也。三有相念佛,即上之定业念佛与散业念佛也。四无相念佛,即上之实相念佛也。以上所述。乃定散事(有相)、理(无相)之四者。此中有相念佛,即定散之二者,故言其体,则为定散与实相之三种。顾就总之念佛而论,念佛之言,虽通于定散事理,然净土门所劝者,乃属于散业之称名,事之念佛也。其次就别言之,乃对于观佛而别立念佛之言也。此时于观佛之中,摄观想与实相之二种念佛,因之称名念佛,单名之曰念佛。如观佛三昧,念佛三昧之对称是也。念佛专取称名者,乃净土门一家之洪范,于念声是一之释而知之。今念佛之言,虽通于诸佛,而诸大乘之说,独限于阿弥陀佛也。往生要集下末曰:“明寻常念相者,此有多种,大分为四:一定业,谓坐禅入定观佛。二散业,谓行住坐卧,散心念佛。三有相业,谓或观相好,或念名号,偏厌秽土,专求净土。四无相业,谓虽称念佛欣求净土,而观身土即毕竟空,如幻如梦,即体而空。虽空而有非有非空,通达此无二,真入第一义空,是名无相业。”观无量寿经曰:“若念佛者,当知此人是人中分陀利华。”楞严经五曰:“我本因地以念佛心入无生忍。”起信论曰:“以专意念佛因缘,随愿得生他方佛土。”往生要集中本曰:“往生之业,念佛为本。”
念佛三味六譬《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一如阎浮檀那紫金,二如王之宝印,三如如意珠,四如秘咒,五如力士之髻珠,六如金刚山。见观佛三昧经十,往生要集下末。
念佛三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)有二种:一、一心观佛之相好,或一心观法身之实相(此二者即观想念佛),或一心称佛名(称名念佛),修行法,谓之念佛三昧。是因行之念佛三昧也。二、为此三种之因行所成,如心入禅定,或佛身现前,或法身实相。谓之念佛三昧。是果成之念佛三昧也。因行之念佛三昧谓之“修”,果成之念佛三昧谓之“发得”。观无量寿经曰:“于现身中得念佛三昧。”又曰:“见此事者,即见十方一切诸佛。以见诸佛,故名念佛三昧。”念佛三昧经七曰:“念佛三昧,则为总摄一切诸法,是故非声闻缘觉二乘境界。”智度论七曰:“念佛三昧能除种种烦恼及先世罪。”

又如法华三昧,二十五三昧,弥陀三三昧为法会勤行式之名。

念佛三昧宝王论《佛学大辞典》
(书名)三卷,唐终南山飞锡撰,开二十门而劝赞念佛。
念佛三昧经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)菩萨念佛三昧经之略名。
念佛为先《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓念佛为胜于一切余行之净土往生业因也。乐邦文类二曰:“功高易进,念佛为先。”选择集曰:“往生之业,念佛为先。”
念佛为宗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)以念佛三昧为经之宗也。即弥陀教(弘愿)之经宗是。
念佛为本《佛学大辞典》
(术语)往生极乐净土之业因,以弥陀本愿正定业之称名念佛一行为根本也。
念佛免摩竭难《佛学大辞典》
(传说)五百贾客,入海采宝。值摩伽罗鱼王开口,海水入其中,船去驶疾。船师问楼上人,汝见何等?答言:见三日出,白山罗列,水流奔趣,如入大坑。船师言是摩伽罗鱼王开口也。一日是实日,两日是鱼目,白山是鱼齿,水流奔趣,是入其口。我曹将了,宜各各求其天神,以自救济。中有五戒之优婆塞,语众人曰:吾等当共称南无佛。佛为无上,能救苦厄,众人一心同声称南无佛。是鱼先世是佛破戒弟子,得宿命智,闻称佛声,心自悔悟,即合口。船人得脱。见大悲经三,譬喻经六,贤愚经六,智度论七,分别功德论中。
念佛回向《佛学大辞典》
(术语)念佛者,回向其功德于净土,或回向于死者也。亦谓念佛后所唱之回向文。其文即观无量寿经所载之“光明遍照十方世界。念佛众生摄取不舍。”之文也。【念佛回向】(术语)念佛之后所唱之回向文也。光明遍照,十方世界,念佛众生,摄取不舍之十六字,为观无量寿经之文。
念佛宗《佛学大辞典》
(流派)称弥陀名号而愿往生之宗门也。为唐道绰,善导等诸师所弘通。即净土宗也。日本谓之净土真宗。五会法事赞曰:“持戒坐禅名正法,念佛成佛是真宗。”
念佛往生《佛学大辞典》
(术语)由弥陀大悲愿力之回向,信心发得,入于念佛三昧,一生造恶之凡夫身亦直往生于极乐也。或谓行口称念佛,心念不乱,往生极乐。或谓以定善散善之回向而往生,皆以念佛为本,故概称往生弥陀佛国者,曰念佛往生。
念佛往生愿《佛学大辞典》
(术语)阿弥陀佛四十八愿中之第十八,使念佛之众生往生西方净土之愿也。无量寿经上曰:“设我得佛,十方众生,至心信乐,欲生我国,乃至十念,若不生者,不取正觉,唯除五逆,诽谤正法。”
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