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Term Definition
愚僧《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)斥指愚昧之出家者而云。资持记上一之三曰:“不学愚僧,传为口实。”通鉴唐纪七曰:“愚僧矫诈,皆云由佛。”今为自称之语。
愚夫《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)梵曰婆罗Bāla,译愚夫。言愚痴之凡夫也。新译仁王经中曰:“愚夫垢识,染着虚妄。”唯识枢要上本曰:“梵云婆罗,此云愚夫,本错云缚罗,乃言毛道。”
愚夫所行禅《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四种禅之一。谓二乘之人及外道观无我之性,无常,不净之相等。
愚惑《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)心愚而迷于理者。无量寿经下曰:“愚惑所覆,不能深思熟计。”
愚法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)小乘二类之一。声闻缘觉二种之小乘,单迷执自法而愚于大乘法空之妙理者。谓为愚法小乘。一旦虽取小果。然解大乘之理。遂回心向大者,谓为不愚法小乘。大乘义章十七末曰:“小中有二种人:一愚法人,执小迷大,名愚法人。知小解大,名不愚法人。”冠注五教章上之三曰:“一小乘教,二大乘始教,三终教,四顿教,五圆教。前一即愚法二乘,后一即别教一乘。”义苑曰:“具云愚法小乘,谓愚于法空故,此是大乘贬斥为名故。”
愚法二乘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)与愚法同。见愚法条。
愚痴《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三毒之一。梵曰慕何Moha,译曰痴。心性闇昧,无通达事理之智明也。与无明同。瑜伽论八十六曰:“痴异名者,亦名无智,亦名无见,亦名非现观,亦名惛昧,亦名愚痴,亦名无明,亦名黑闇。”法界次第上之上曰:“迷惑之性,立之为痴。若迷一切事理,无明不了,迷惑妄取,起诸邪行,即是痴毒,亦名无明。”大乘义章五本曰:“闇惑名痴。”华严大疏钞二十曰:“迷于四谛,皆曰愚痴。”
愚痴斋《佛学大辞典》
(人名)洞山良价,临命终时设僧斋名为愚痴斋,以诫弟子之恋情也。传灯录十五(良价传)曰:“唐咸通十年三月,命剃发披衣,令击钟,俨然坐化。时大众号恸移晷,师忽开目而起曰:夫出家之人,心不附物,是真修行。劳生息死,于悲何有?乃召主事僧,令办愚痴斋一中,盖责其恋情也,众犹恋慕不已。延至七日,食具方备,师亦随斋毕,曰:僧家勿事大率临行之际喧动如斯,至八日,浴讫,端坐长往。”
愚童《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)以喻不知因果之道理。而惑溺于生死之凡夫也。大日经一曰:“无始生死愚童凡夫,执着我名我有,分别无量我分。”大日经疏一曰:“萨埵略有三种:一者愚童萨埵,谓六道凡夫。不知实谛因果,心行邪道,修习苦因,恋着三界,坚执不舍,故以为名。”
愚童持斋心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)真言宗所立十住心之第二。谓凡夫信世间因果之道理,知持斋之为善而行之也。持斋者不过中食之法(过正午不为食),以之为善道者,为印度古来之风俗,无异于此方所谓仁义之道。因而以之为人乘之住心。大日经一曰:“愚童凡夫类,犹羝羊。或时有一法想生。所谓持斋,彼思惟此少分,发起欢喜,数数修习。秘密主,是初种子善业发生。复以此为因,于六斋日,施与父母男女亲戚,是第二芽种。复以此施,授与非亲戚者,是第三疱种。复以此施,与器量高德者,是第四叶种。复以此施,欢喜授与伎乐人等,及献尊宿,是第五敷华,复以此施,发亲爱心供养之,是第六成果。”秘藏宝钥上曰:“愚童持斋心,由外因缘,忽思节食,施心萌心,如谷遇缘。”俱舍光记十四曰:“西方国俗,断食名斋。”
愚钝《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)心愚根性钝者。行事钞中之四曰:“若论事忏,属彼愚钝。”文类曰:“凡小易修真教,愚钝易往捷径。”
愚钝物《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)吐罗难陀比丘尼骂迦叶尊者为愚钝物。毗奈耶杂事三十一曰:“吐罗难陀苾刍尼,从外而来,欲入住处,遇河水泛溢,见迦摄波在板桥上。吐罗难陀作是念:此愚钝物,今可治之。速往桥边,用力蹋板。时迦摄波,遂即落河,衣服并湿,钵沈水底,锡杖随流。迦摄波曰:姊妹汝无过犯,乃是具寿阿难陀,作斯过失,强请世尊,度如斯类恶行之女。”
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