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Term Definition
招提《佛学大辞典》
(术语)具名拓斗提舍,梵音Caturdeśa,译曰四方。谓四方之僧为招提僧,四方僧之施物为招提僧物,四方僧之住处为招提僧坊。魏太武造伽蓝,以招提名之,招提二字,遂为寺院之异名。增一阿含经十四曰:“毗沙鬼白世尊曰:我今以此山谷施招提僧,唯愿世尊为之受之。”悲华经八曰:“比丘比丘尼无惭无愧,或断招提僧物,断现前衣服饮食卧具医药。”玄应音义十六曰:“招提,译云四方也。招,此言四。提,此言方。谓四方僧也。一云:招提者讹也,正言拓斗提奢,此云四方。译人去斗去奢。拓,经误作招。以拓招相似,遂有斯误也。”涅槃经十一曰:“招提僧坊。”慧琳音义二十六曰:“招提僧坊,此云四方僧坊也。”名义集七曰:“后魏太武始光元年造伽蓝,创立招提之名。”比丘尼钞中上曰:“拓斗提奢,隋云四方。但是僧处,旧拓提者讹略也。昔人去斗除奢,拓复误作招。以拓招两字,形滥相似,致久来误矣。”
招魂法《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)儒家云招魂,佛家云去识还来。招还亡者之灵魂而供养之也。
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