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Term Definition
授事《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Karmadāna,梵语羯磨。译曰事。陀那,译曰授。以诸杂事指授于人之役是名授事。旧曰维那者,即此也。寄归传四曰:“授事者,梵云羯磨陀那。陀那是授,羯磨是事,意道以众杂事指授于人,旧云维那者非也。维是周语,意道纲维,那是梵音,略去羯磨陀字也。”
授决《佛学大辞典》
(术语)同于授记,于众生授与决定作佛之记别也。大日经疏一曰:“定光之授决。”
授大乘菩萨仪《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,宋元照述。
授学无学人记品《佛学大辞典》
(经名)法华经二十八品中第九品之名,声闻乘四果中预流、一来、不还之三果云学人,阿罗汉果云无学人。此品记法华迹门三周说法中之因缘周,由于彼等闻往昔之因缘,初回小乘心,发无上菩提心,佛于彼等授当来必当作佛之记别,故谓之授学无学人记品,常略名人记品。
授戒会《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)于一般在家之人授与优婆塞戒优婆夷戒之法会也,除真宗外他宗皆行之。
授手《佛学大辞典》
(术语)上辈三品之往生人临终时,西方极乐之佛菩萨皆执金刚台至行者前,授手迎接行者也。观无量寿经曰:“阿弥陀如来与观世音大势至无数化佛。(中略)观世音菩萨执金刚台,语大势至菩萨至行者前。阿弥陀佛放大光明,照行者身,与诸菩萨授手迎接。”
授职灌顶《佛学大辞典》
(修法)密教之授职灌顶,如上所说二种灌顶中之传教灌顶也。显教于等觉菩萨说之。七卷楞伽经二曰:“得此智已,知无境界,了诸地相,即入初地,心生欢喜,次第渐进,乃至善慧及以法云。诸有所作,皆悉已办。住此地已,有大宝莲华王。众宝庄严,于其华上。有宝宫殿,状如莲华。菩萨往修幻性法门之所成就,而坐其上。同行佛子,前后围绕。一切佛刹所有如来,皆舒其手。如转轮王子灌顶之法而灌其顶,超佛子地,获自证法,成就如来自在法身。”六十华严经二十七曰:“尔时,诸佛及大菩萨,知某世界某甲菩萨摩诃萨行如是道成就受职。即时十方无边菩萨乃至住九地者,皆来围绕。(中略)于金刚庄严胸出一大光明,名破魔贼。无量百千万光,以为眷属,照十方世界。(中略)照一切世界已,集在虚空,示大神通庄严之事。入是菩萨顶,眷属光明,入眷属莲华上诸菩萨顶。(中略)十方一切诸佛光明,入是菩萨顶时,名为得职,名为入诸佛界,具佛十力,堕在佛数。佛子!譬如转轮圣王太子成就王相。转轮圣王令子在白象宝阎浮檀金座,取四大海水,上张罗幔。种种庄严,幢幡妓乐,执金钟香水,灌子顶上,即名为灌顶大王。具足转十善道故,名转轮圣王。菩萨摩诃萨,亦复如是。受职时,诸佛以智水,灌此菩萨顶,名灌顶法王。”
授菩萨戒仪《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,唐湛然述。

又一卷,宋遵式撰。

授衣节《佛学大辞典》
(行事)阴历九月曰授衣节,禅家有授衣节之上堂,镜堂圆禅师建仁录授衣节上堂曰:“人间九月授衣时,破绽禅和犹未知,趁暖急须先补缀,待寒方觉已迟迟。”
授记《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵云和伽罗Vyākaraṇa,十二部经之一。佛对发心之众生授与当来必当作佛之记别也。
授记光《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛为授行者记别,照行者身之光明也。智度论三十三曰:“诸佛法欲与众生授记,先微笑,无量光从四牙中出,所谓青黄赤白绿紫等也。”
授记品《佛学大辞典》
(经名)法华经二十八品中之第六品,依迹门三周说法中譬喻之说法,以中根之迦叶等四大声闻回小向大,佛对此四人说当来作佛现前授记之品也。
授记说《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵音曰和伽罗Vyākāraṇa,佛于菩萨,缘觉等,授与未来悬记之说教也。十二部经之一。
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