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Term Definition
教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)āgama,梵语阿含。译曰教。圣人之言,被于下者。在心云法,法发于言云教。玄义一上曰:“教者,圣人被下之言也。”止观一上曰:“教是上圣被下之言。”
教一《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法华四一之一。法华经所说之教法为十方佛土中唯有一乘法之教法,非二乘三乘,为唯说成佛一道之教,故名教一。见“四一”条。
教主《佛学大辞典》
(术语)开教之本主。文句记一上曰:“诸教中各有五人记经。(中略)皆以佛为教主也。”行愿品疏钞三曰:“十佛齐融,为斯教主。”
教义《佛学大辞典》
(术语)教法之义理。五教章上曰:“海印三昧一乘教义。”慈恩传九曰:“少来颇得专精教义。”
教乘法数《佛学大辞典》
(书名)四十卷。明圆净集。
教于《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三论宗所谈,二谛三于之一。见“三于”条。
教亨《佛学大辞典》
(人名)济州任城(今山东济宁州治)人,姓王氏,字虚明,七岁出家,十五岁游方。闻郑州普照寺宝和尚法席盛,往参叩。一日至睢阳,偶忆击板因缘,凝情如入禅定,不觉已到河口。同行德满呼曰:此河津也。师乃下马,悲喜交集。及归,语之宝公,宝曰:此似僵卧人欲转动。犹未印可,曰:曾看日面佛公案否?师笑曰:儿时已看得。宝亦笑曰:我只令人参诸方掉下底禅。但再参去定有自得力处。后,一日,师静坐云堂,忽闻板声,霍然证悟,因呈颂曰:日面月面,星流电转,若更迟疑,面门看箭,咄。宝遂记莂曰:吾不得谩汝。后师住少林寺法席大盛,年七十寂。见佛祖通载大明高僧传等。”
教人信《佛学大辞典》
(术语)自信之对。披沥自己之信念教未信之人使之共信也。
教令《佛学大辞典》
(术语)大日利益众生之教敕也。金刚顶经一曰:“一切如来不空作教令,又时普贤大菩提萨埵身,从世尊心下,一切如来前,依月轮而住,复请教令。”见“教令轮身”条。
教令轮《佛学大辞典》
(术语)大日如来之教令坚固,破摧诸怨敌,如转轮王之轮宝,故谓之教令轮。理趣释下曰:“毗卢遮那佛转法轮。轮有四种,所谓金刚轮、宝轮、法轮、羯磨轮,其四轮皆摄在二轮中。所谓正法轮、教令轮。”
教令轮身《佛学大辞典》
(术语)行教令轮之身也。诸明王现忿怒之相者。凡一一之佛,有三种之轮身:本地之佛体,为自性轮身,现菩萨之身为正法轮身,现明王忿怒之相为教令轮身。例如大日如来为自性轮身,般若菩萨为正法轮身,不动明王为教令轮身。又金刚萨埵为正法轮身,降三世明王为教令轮身也。秘藏记钞二曰:“大日是本地自性佛体,故为自性轮身也。(中略)大日垂迹现菩萨身,以正法化人。故以理趣会曼荼罗为正法轮身也。(中略)大自在天王等强刚难化众生,不拘正法化导。故金刚萨埵,更住忿怒威仪,降大自在天云降三世尊也。然则在佛位名自性轮身,在菩萨位名正法轮身,在明王位名教令轮身,一一佛皆有此三身。”胎藏界曼陀罗大钞三曰:“问:忿怒形名教令轮身意如何?答:五尊义云,教者教通之义也。令者岩动义也。轮者转惑摧破义也。摧破一切众生烦恼令入如来体性故。”而此三轮身有通别二种。若依别门则五佛各自有一种之正法轮身与一种之教令轮身(见“五大明王”条)。若依通门,则五佛各具五种之正法轮身与五种之教令轮身。如此秘藏记是金刚界九会曼荼罗会之意,依通门,金刚萨埵降三世为大日之正法轮教令轮也。又此五如来,五菩萨,五明王,如其次第乃三密也。如来者身密,菩萨者语密,明王者意密也。
教会《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)奉同一教义者之团体也。又说教集会也。
教体《佛学大辞典》
(术语)释迦一代教法之体性也。此教体以声为体乎?以名句为体乎?将以心为体乎?以真如为体乎?其他可为教体者,有乎?无乎?诸师之意见各异。慈恩之义林章一本,唯识述记一本,出四重之教体。贤首于起信论义记上出四门之教体。清凉于华严经疏二出十种之教体。
教兴《佛学大辞典》
(术语)同教起。佛教兴之缘由也。
教典《佛学大辞典》
(术语)宗教上之典籍。经典也。
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