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Term Definition
散《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语尾钵罗枳剌曩Viprakirna,常作散善,散地,散心等。对定之语。言心散乱不止住于一境也。
散业《佛学大辞典》
(术语)定散二业之一。散心而营之善业也。往生要集下末分别念佛为定、散、有相、无相之四业。
散乱《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓凡夫之心流荡于六尘之境,一刹那亦不止住者。唯识论六曰:“云何散乱?于诸所缘。令心流荡为性。能障正定,恶慧所依为业。谓散乱者发恶慧故。”智度论十七曰:“乱心轻飘,甚于鸿毛。驰散不停,驶过疾风。不可制止,剧于狝猴。暂现转灭,甚于掣电。如是不可禁止。若欲制之,非禅不定。”
散他迦多衍那《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Śānta-kātyāyana,又曰珊陀迦旃延。比丘名。玄应音义二十二曰:“迦多,姓也。衍那,子也。散他,标别其类也。旧经论作讪大迦旃延。或作珊陀迦旃延。皆讹。”
散供《佛学大辞典》
(物名)散末,散华,散钱等。谓放散而供养者。
散华《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)称经句之偈颂曰贯华,其散文曰散华。见“贯华”条。文句一曰:“佛赴缘作散华贯花两说。”

又(仪式)为供养佛而散布花也。无量寿经下曰:“悬缯燃灯,散华烧香,以此回向,愿生彼国。”

又显密法要之式,有散华之仪,在显为四个法要之一、在密为二个法要之一。于梵呗之后行之,盛樒叶于华筥,咏伽陀而散之也。此有次第散华与行道散华二种。各立其座而不行道,但由头人次第咏伽陀而散花者,曰次第散华,行道作者,曰行道散华。其伽陀有种种,愿我在道场,香花供养佛之次,天人此界多闻室。逝宫天处十方无。丈夫牛王大沙门。寻地山林遍无等。谓之释迦散华,稽首天人所恭敬。阿弥陀仙两足尊,在彼微妙安乐国,无量佛子众围绕,谓之弥陀散华。药师琉璃光如来,大慈大悲照光明,良与法药救众生。故我稽首琉璃光,谓之药师散华,难坏大力念怒身。善哉善哉麾尼王!降伏魔鬼难伏者。是故我今稽首礼,谓之毗沙门散华,归命毗卢舍那佛。身口意业遍虚空,演说如来三密门。金刚一乘甚深教,谓之大日散华。见说法明眼论钞上,诸法会仪则上等。

散善《佛学大辞典》
(术语)散乱之心勤修之善根也。对定善而言。如观无量寿经所说十六观,前十三观为定善,后三观为散善。观经玄义分曰:“要门者,即此观经定散二门是也,定即息虑凝心。散即废恶修善。”菩提心论曰:“又乘散善门中经无数劫。”

又从密教所判,一切之显教为散善门,密教为三摩地门。三摩地乃定之梵名,以密教由初心修生佛不二之观行故也。见辨惑指南三。

散善义《佛学大辞典》
(书名)善导四帖疏之一。释观经十六观中后三观之散善门者。
散地《佛学大辞典》
(术语)色界无色界谓之定地,欲界谓之散地。定地者,生得之心禅定之地也,散地者,生得之心散乱之地也。于欲界得入禅定者,依行力而修起色界无色界之定心,欲界当分之果报,无有定心。故欲界中之六欲天并四大洲地狱等尽称散地。辅行六曰:“欲界六天,地狱,洲,等同是散地。故但为一。”
散多尼迦《佛学大辞典》
(植物)Śāntanika,花名。慧琳音义二十五曰:“散多尼迦,此云寂静华也。”
散心《佛学大辞典》
(术语)散乱之心。放逸之心。止观五曰:“夫散心者,恶中之惑。如无钩醉象,踏坏华池。穴鼻骆驼,翻倒负驮。疾于掣电。毒逾蛇舌。”
散心常时念佛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)持散乱心不定期限,不调作法,不简时处所缘,于行住座卧称佛名,显净土之住生也。
散心法师《佛学大辞典》
(术语)斥漫逞分别之人而言。止观十曰:“散心法师,虽分别诸使,亦不自知空见过患。”
散心诵法华《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓以散乱之心读诵法华经也。
散忌《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)开山忌。达磨忌等法会之满散。即结愿之日。
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