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Term Definition
斋《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作时。斋食,时食也。斋者谓不过中食,正午以前所作之食事也。戒律上,于食分时非时,正午以前为正时,以后为非时。时者宜食,非时者不宜食。因而时中之食为斋食。字典曰:“斋戒也敬也。”是通于一切。梵名乌哺沙他,又曰布萨,Upavasatha,巴Uposatha,说式也。清净之义。后转曰斋曰时。正指不过中食之法。守之曰持斋。是为斋之本义。然后又一转而为不为肉食。此因大乘教之本意,置重禁肉食,遂曰持斋者,禁肉食也。精进云者,惟不肉食之事也。寄归传三曰:“时非时,且如时经所说,自应别是会机。然四部律文皆以午时为正,若影过线许,即曰非时。”起世经七曰:“乌晡沙他,隋言增上,谓受持斋法,增上善根。”起世因本经七曰:“乌晡沙他,隋言受斋,亦云增长。”多论一曰:“斋法以过中不食为体。”
斋七《佛学大辞典》
(行事)谓人死后七七日之斋会也。见“累七斋”条。
斋七幡子《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)七七日之斋会,以纸作幡子,使主僧火化之。以期亡灵见幡子之好相而得好身也。释氏要览下曰:“北俗亡累七斋日,皆令主斋僧剪纸幡子一首,随纸化之。按正法念处经有一十七种中有,谓死时若生天者即见中有如白叠垂下,其人识神见已,举手揽之,便受天人中有。故今七七日是中有死生之日,以白纸幡子胜幢之相示之。”
斋主《佛学大辞典》
(术语)斋食之施主。楞严经一曰:“求最后檀越以为斋主。”
斋会《佛学大辞典》
(行事)会僧而施斋食,故名斋会。佛祖统记三十七曰:“陈文帝天嘉四年,帝于太极殿设无遮大会。”又曰:“后主至德二年,诏虎丘智聚法师赴太极殿讲金光明经。”皆斋会也。
斋僧《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)设食以供僧众也。唐六典曰:凡国忌日,两京定大寺观各二,散斋。诸道士僧尼,皆集于斋所。五代会要曰:晋天福五年,令每遇国忌,行香之后,斋僧一百人,永为定制。
斋嚫《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)斋者斋食,嚫者施物也。
斋场《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)为斋供之场所。
斋堂《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)斋堂即食堂,食堂即僧堂也。
斋席《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)设斋供之法席。
斋戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)清心之不净谓之斋。禁身之过非,谓之戒。大乘义章十二曰:“防禁故名为戒,洁清故名为斋。”周易韩康伯注曰:“洗心曰斋,防患曰戒。”
斋持《佛学大辞典》
(术语)如言持斋。为修道而受持不过中食之法也。
斋日《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)祖先忌日等为斋供之日。又六斋日也。
斋时《佛学大辞典》
(术语)吃斋食之时也。自明相现至正午之间。僧祇律曰:“午时日影过一发一瞬,即是非时。”
斋月《佛学大辞典》
(术语)正五九三个月为宜持斋食法而慎恶事之月,故曰三长斋月。见“三长斋月”条。
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