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Term Definition
旃丹《佛学大辞典》
(地名)见“震旦”条。
旃叔迦《佛学大辞典》
(物名)Kiṁśuka,宝名。见“甄叔迦”条。
旃延《佛学大辞典》
(人名)迦旃延之略。比丘名。
旃提罗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)译曰奄人。断男根者。胜鬘经曰:“即遣内人名旃提罗。”同宝窟上本曰:“旃提罗,此云奄人。(中略)又旃提罗者,此云善信。其人善而有信言善信,今谓奄人是其通名,善信当其别名。未曾有经云:旃提罗,翻为应作。”梵Ṣaṇḍila(Saṇḍha,Śaṇḍa Ṣaṇḍha)。
旃檀《佛学大辞典》
(植物)具名旃檀娜Candana,香木名。译曰与乐。出自南印度摩罗耶山,其山形似牛头,故名牛头旃檀。慧苑音义上曰:“旃檀,此云与乐,谓白檀能治热病,赤檀能去风肿,皆是除疾身安之乐,故名与乐。”玄应音义二十三曰:“旃弹那,或作旃檀那,此外国香木也,有赤白紫等诸种。”案汉明帝时,天竺国竺法师将画释迦像,是优填国旃檀师第四作也。又按本草谓檀香有白檀黄檀紫檀之别,故古今注称紫檀为旃檀,此紫檀乃檀香之别种,非今通用之紫檀木也。
旃檀烟《佛学大辞典》
(故事)谓佛之荼毗也。以旃檀为薪而荼毗佛也。
旃檀瑞像《佛学大辞典》
(图像)优填王所作之佛像也。见“瑞像”条。
旃檀罽昵吒《佛学大辞典》
(人名)月支国王名。征中印度,将马鸣菩萨而还。见付法藏传五马鸣传。
旃檀耳《佛学大辞典》
(饮食)生于旃檀木之耳。纯陀以之供佛。佛受之而涅槃。纯陀又作周那。长阿含经三曰:“尔时世尊于负味城随宜住已,告贤者阿难,俱诣波婆城。(中略)路由末罗至波婆城阇头园中,时有工师子名曰周那,(中略)即请世尊明日舍食,时佛默然受请。(中略)大众围绕往诣其舍,就座而坐。是时周那寻设饮食供佛及僧,别煮旃檀树耳,世所珍奇,独奉世尊。佛告周那:勿以此耳与余比丘。周那受教,不敢辄与。”玄义七曰:“八十二岁老比丘身,诣纯陀舍,持钵乞食,食旃檀耳羹,食讫说法,果报寿命中夜而尽。”
旃檀薪尽《佛学大辞典》
(故事)言佛之涅槃也。法华经序品曰:“佛此夜灭度,如薪尽火灭。”
旃檀那《佛学大辞典》
(植物)见“旃檀”条。
旃檀香身陀罗尼经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,赵宋法贤译。有陀罗尼名旃檀香身。诵持之,则能见观音。又除身之恶疾。
旃檀香辟支佛《佛学大辞典》
(佛名)四缘觉之一。麟喻独觉也。在胎藏界曼荼罗释迦院上行北端第八位。密号曰清冷金刚。形瘦,色黄白,左掌向外,立于胸之胁,右手执袈裟角,坐于赤莲。
旃育迦《佛学大辞典》
(人名)王名。佛灭后七百年出,再建祇园精舍。法苑珠林三十九曰:“经律大明祇桓寺之基趾,多云八十顷地,一百二十院,准约东西近有十里,南北七百余步,祇陀须达二人共造,成之已后经二百年被烧都尽。(中略)于后五百年有旃育迦王依地而起,十不及一。”
旃荼罗《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)佛国记,举国人民,悉不杀生,不饮酒,不食葱蒜,唯除旃荼罗。旃荼罗名为恶人,与人别居。按即旃陀罗。
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