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Term Definition
明《佛学大辞典》
(术语)智慧之别名。佛地论一曰:“有义明者以慧为性,慧能破闇故说为明。有义无碍善根为性,翻无明故。”大乘义章十四曰:“知法显了故名为明。”

又真言之别名。真言能破烦恼之闇,故云明。又由口说云真言,由身现云明。又佛放光明于光中说故云明。演密钞一曰:“明者明咒,真言之别称,梵语尾你也,此译云明。破闇为义,梵语漫怛罗,此云真言,或名神咒。谓此真言能破众生烦恼闇障,义翻为明,咒即明故。”大日经疏十二曰:“破除一切无明烦恼之闇故,名之为明。然明及真言义有差别,若心口出者名真言,从一切身分任运生者,名之为明也。”秘藏记本曰:“陀罗尼者,佛放光光之中所说也,是故陀罗尼与明其义不异。”

明了《佛学大辞典》
(术语)完全明知其事理也。法华经法师功德品曰:“菩萨于净身皆见世所有,唯独自明了,余人所不见。”无量寿经下曰:“如来智慧海,深广无涯底。二乘非所测,唯佛独明了。”
明了愿《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓弥陀之本愿非虚设,赖其救济无间断,确实明了也。
明了论《佛学大辞典》
(书名)律二十二明了论之略名。
明信佛智《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)不了佛智之反对。无量寿经之语。明信佛智之不思义。深赖如来之救济,不更疑自已之往生也。
明冥《佛学大辞典》
(术语)明者神明,冥者冥官也。又如龙畜为可见之众类,谓之明。如阎魔王,诸天鬼神为不可见之众类,谓之冥。性灵集九曰:“一切业道明冥。”
明利《佛学大辞典》
(术语)聪明锐利也。无量寿经下曰:“神通无碍,诸根明利。”
明匠《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)聪明之师匠也。梁僧传(浮陀跋摩传)曰:“侧席虚襟,企待明匠。”唐僧传(僧范传)曰:“可谓当时明匠。”
明地《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十地第三发光地之异名。极净明之智生,故名明地。见“十地”条。
明堂《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)禅林之目。僧堂正前高架明楼,明楼左右之空处云明堂。见象器笺一。
明处《佛学大辞典》
(术语)学习而生智慧之处也。有五种,谓之五明处,又单云五明。地持经三曰:“明处有五种:一者内明处,二者因明处,三者声明处,四者医方明处,五者工业明处。”胜鬘宝窟中本曰:“明处者五明也,此五者生明智处,故言明处。”
明妃《佛学大辞典》
(术语)陀罗尼之别称也。陀罗尼有能破烦恼之闇之德,故云明,能增长一切之功德,故云妃。亦单称云明。大日经疏九曰:“明是大慧光明义,妃者梵云啰逝。即是王字作女声呼之,故传度者义说为妃。妃是三昧义,所谓大悲胎藏三昧也。”同十二曰:“若心口出者名真言,从一切身分任运生者名之为明也。由增长义故,女声呼之。(中略)妃者如世女人能生男女令种胤不绝,此明能生一切如来所有功德故,义云妃也。”演密钞八曰:“由增长义故,女声呼之者。谓此明妃能生长行者功德法,故女声呼之。梵云尼你也,此是男声。梵云尼你即是女声,俱译曰明。由随增长义故,加以妃言也。”见“明”条。

又于曼荼罗各部配耦部主之女尊名明妃。诸部要目曰:“三种明妃:佛部,无能胜菩萨以为明妃。莲华部,多罗菩萨以为明妃。金刚部,金刚孙那利菩萨以为明妃。”

明孔《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)开放三衣之条而不相缝合之处也。四分律之衣有明孔,有部律之衣无明孔。释氏要览上曰:“三衣叶上不刺合处,谓之明孔。有云:若田畦入水之窦。按根本百一羯磨,净三藏云:西国三衣并皆刺合,唯东夏开而不缝。详观律检,实无开法。”
明师《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)明事理之师也。唐华严经十一曰:“导世明师难一遇。”寄归传四曰:“粤我龆龀,携就明师。”
明度《佛学大辞典》
(术语)般若波罗蜜之古译,般若译曰明,波罗蜜译曰度。
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