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Term Definition
沙《佛学大辞典》
(物名)梵语曰缚噜迦Bālukā。见梵语杂名。
沙劫《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恒河沙之劫也。见“劫”条。
沙喝《佛学大辞典》
(职位)掌喝食之沙弥也。
沙婆婆瑟《佛学大辞典》
(行事)Ṣaḍ-vaśa,法会名。译曰六岁会。十诵律五曰:“沙婆婆瑟会。”注:“六岁会也。”
沙婆诃《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作娑嚩诃,娑嚩贺Svāha。见“苏波诃”条。
沙弥《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵音Śrāmaṇera,旧译息慈、息恶、行慈等。息恶行慈之义也。新云室罗摩拏洛迦,室末那伊洛迦等。译勤策男等。以其为大僧勤加策励故也。又云室罗摩尼罗,译曰求寂。以其欲求涅槃之圆寂故也。是男子出家受十戒者之通称。行事钞上一曰:“沙弥是梵语,此云息慈,息其世染,慈济群生。”嘉祥法华义疏八曰:“沙弥,此云息恶行慈,谓息恶行慈。”俱舍光记十四曰:“室罗摩拏洛伽,唐言勤策,谓为苾刍勤加策励,洛是男性,旧云沙弥,讹也。”俱舍颂疏业品二曰:“勤策律仪,勤为大僧之所策励,旧云沙弥。”饰宗记四曰:“唐三藏云:室罗摩拏洛迦,翻为勤策男,勤谓苾刍,勤人所策故也。”寄归传三曰:“室罗末尼罗,译为求寂,言欲求趣涅槃圆寂之处。旧云沙弥者,言略而音讹,翻为息慈,意准而无据也。”玄应音义二十三曰:“梵言室末拏伊洛迦,此云劳之小者也,亦言息慈。谓息恶行慈,义译也。旧言沙弥者讹略也。”日本但剃发有妻子之修行者谓之沙弥。
沙弥十戒仪则经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,赵宋施护译。摄颂沙弥戒品之威仪。
沙弥十戒威仪录要《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,明智旭重辑。
沙弥喝食《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“喝食”条。
沙弥威仪《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,刘宋求那跋摩译。同于七十威仪。
沙弥尼《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Śrāmaṇerikā,新云室罗摩拏理迦。女性之沙弥也。俱舍光记十四曰:“室罗摩拏理迦,唐言勤策女,译名如前。理是女声,旧云沙弥尼,讹也。”参照“沙弥”条。饰宗记四曰:“室罗摩拏理迦,翻为勤策女。”
沙弥尼律仪要略《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,读体辑集。
沙弥尼戒经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,失译。
沙弥律仪毗尼日用合参《佛学大辞典》
(书名)三卷,戒显订阅,济岳汇笺。
沙弥律仪要略《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,明袾宏辑。其本书之注述列之如下:沙弥律仪要略增注二卷,弘赞注。沙弥律仪要略述义二卷,书玉科释。
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