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Term Definition
浮云《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)维摩经十喻之一。经方便品曰:“是身如浮云,须臾变灭。”
浮囊《佛学大辞典》
(物名)渡海人所带免没溺之物也。名义集七曰:“五分云:自今听诸比丘畜浮囊,若羊皮若牛皮,传闻,西域渡海之人多作鸟翎毛袋,或齐巨牛脬,海船若失,吹气浮身。”慧琳音义三曰:“浮囊者,气囊也。欲渡大海,凭此气囊轻浮之力也。”经中以譬戒律,护持菩萨之戒,犹如海人之于浮囊也。涅槃经十一曰:“譬如有人带持浮囊欲渡大海。尔时海中有一罗刹,即从其人乞索浮囊,其人闻已即作是念:我今若与必定没死。答言:罗刹,汝宁杀我,浮囊叵得。(中略)菩萨摩诃萨护持禁戒亦复如是。如彼渡人护惜浮囊。”
浮图《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Buddha,又Stūpa,又作浮头、浮屠、佛图,旧译家以为佛陀之转音。广弘明集二曰:“浮图,或言佛陀,声明转也,译云净觉。灭秽成觉,为圣悟也。”南山戒疏一上曰:“言佛者,梵云佛陀,或言浮陀、佛驮、步陀、浮图、浮头,盖传音之讹耳。此无其人,以义翻之名为觉。”秘藏记本曰:“浮图,佛也,新人曰物他也,古人曰浮图也。”新译家以为窣堵波(即塔)之转音。智度论十六曰:“诸聚落佛图精舍等。”西域记一曰:“窣堵波,即旧所谓浮图也。”瑜伽伦记十一上曰:“窣堵波者,此云供养处,旧云浮图者,音讹也。”梵语杂名曰:“浮图,素睹波,塔,制怛里。”世多通用后义。
浮图之始《佛学大辞典》
(故事)茶香室丛钞十三曰:“水经汳水篇注云:汳水又东,迳梁国睢阳县故城北而东,历襄乡坞南。”续述征记曰:“西去夏侯坞二十里,东一里,即襄乡浮图也。汳水迳其南,汉熹平中某君所立,死因葬之。其弟刻石立碑以旌厥德,隧前有狮子,天鹿,累砖作百达柱八所,荒芜颓毁,雕落略尽矣。按熹平为汉灵帝年号,中国之有浮图,当始见于此。惜某君不传其姓名,所云累砖作百达柱八所,岂即浮图之古制乎。”
浮孔《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)浮木之孔也。止观五曰:“盲龟何由上值浮孔。坠芥岂得下贯针锋。”涅槃经二十三曰:“清净法宝,难得见闻,我今已闻,犹如盲龟值浮木孔。”见龟条。
浮尘《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)一切有为之诸法,浮尘不实,尘翳真性,故曰浮尘。楞严经二曰:“阿难,汝未明一切浮尘幻化相。”同长水疏曰:“虚假不实,污染真性。故曰浮尘。”
浮尘根《佛学大辞典》
(术语)即眼耳鼻舌身意之六根也。言浮尘根者,眼如蒲萄朵,耳如新卷叶,鼻如双垂爪,舌如初偃月,身如腰鼓颡,意如幽室见是也。
浮屠《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)亦作浮图,休屠。按浮屠浮图。皆即佛陀之异译。佛教为佛所创。古人因称佛教徒为浮屠。佛教为浮屠道。后并称佛塔为浮屠。参照“浮图”条。
浮想《佛学大辞典》
(术语)虚妄不实之思想也。圆觉经曰:“众生寿命皆为浮想。”
浮昙末《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Bhūtamati,比丘名。译曰至诚意。见月明菩萨经。
浮木《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)幸运难遇,譬如海中之盲龟逢浮木也。杂阿含经十六曰:“大海中有一盲龟寿无量劫,百年一遇出头,复有浮木,正有一孔,漂流海浪,随风东西。盲龟百年一出,得遇此孔。(中略)凡夫漂流五趣海,还复人身,甚难于此。”涅槃经二曰:“生世为人难,值佛世亦难,犹如大海中盲龟遇浮孔。”法华经八曰:“佛难得值。如优昙波罗华。又如一眼之龟值浮木孔。”辅行记五之二曰:“如大海中有一盲龟,尔时海中复有浮木,唯木一孔,可立龟身。此龟三千年,方得一出,亿百千出,何由可值浮木孔?”
浮根《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又曰扶尘根。五根有二种,在内正有发识取境之用者,名为胜义根。眼之如葡萄,耳之如卷叶,外形谓为浮根扶根或扶尘根。浮者浮虚不实之义也。楞严经一曰:“我观此浮根四尘祇在我面。”
浮陀《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)见“佛陀”条。
浮陀跋摩《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又作佛陀跋摩Buddhavarman,西域人。译曰觉铠。见历代三宝记八、梁僧传三。
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