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Term Definition
浴主《佛学大辞典》
(职位)又曰知浴。同浴室之僧也。
浴佛《佛学大辞典》
(行事)与灌佛同。西天于平常行之。中日诸宗于四月八日之佛生日行之。禅家更于十二月八日之佛成道日行之。后汉书陶谦传曰:“每浴佛辄多设饮饭,布席于路。”荆楚岁时记曰:“荆楚以四月八日诸寺各设会,香汤浴佛,共作龙华会。以为弥勒下生之征也。”吴志刘繇传曰:“笮融督广陵彭城,大起浮图祠。以铜为人,黄金涂身,衣以锦采,垂铜槃九重。下为重楼阁道,可容三千余人,悉课读佛经。令界内及旁郡人有好佛者,听受道,复其他役,以招致之。由此远近前后至者,五千余人户。每浴佛多设酒饭,布席于路,经数十里。民人来观及就食,且万人,费以巨亿。”宋书刘敬宣传曰:“八岁丧母。四月八日,敬宣见众人灌佛,乃下头上金镜以为母灌。因悲泣不自胜。”僧史略上曰:“浴佛者,唐义净三藏躬游西域,见印度每日禺中,维那鸣钟,寺庭取铜石等像,于盘内磨香或泥,灌水以叠揩之。举两指灌水于自顶之上,谓之吉祥之水,冀求胜利焉。问:浴佛表何?通曰:象佛生时龙喷香雨,浴佛身也。然彼日日灌洗,则非生日之意。疑五竺多热,僧既频浴,佛亦勤灌耳。东夏尚腊八,或二月四月八日,乃是为佛生日也。”参照“灌佛”条。
浴佛会《佛学大辞典》
(行事)与灌佛会同。
浴佛功德经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,唐义净译。说浴佛之方规及功德。
浴像《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)洗浴佛像也。即灌佛。见灌佛及浴佛条。
浴像仪轨《佛学大辞典》
(书名)新集浴像仪轨之略名。
浴像功德经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,唐宝思惟译。
浴像经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)浴像功德经之略称。
浴圣《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)禅家洗浴圣僧像之法也。安置僧堂中央之像,总名圣僧。然其像不定,若大乘之寺安文殊,小乘之寺,安憍陈如或宾头卢或大迦叶或须菩提。见象器笺三。
浴头《佛学大辞典》
(职位)禅林之目。当直浴室之行者也。
浴室《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)洗浴之室也,西土必以冷水,东土必以温水,故谓为温室。寄归传三曰:“世尊教为浴室,或作露地砖池。(中略)又洗浴者并须饥时。浴已正食,有其二益:一则身体清虚,无诸垢秽。二则痰癊消散,能餐饮食。饱食方洗,医明所讳。”义楚六帖七曰:“有部律颂云:浴室画五天使。”
浴室安贤护菩萨像《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅院浴室安跋陀婆罗像者,据以水因证圆通之故事。楞严经五曰:“跋罗婆罗,并同伴十六开士,即从座起,顶礼佛足而白佛言:我等先于威音王佛闻法出家,于浴僧时随例入室,忽悟水因,既不洗尘,亦不洗体,中间安然得无所得,宿习无忘。乃至今时从佛出家,令得无学。”僧堂清规曰:“九日,浴主于浴室鸣钟集众,于贤护大士讽经,于心经消灾等回向。”
浴室贤护菩萨像《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)贤护菩萨,梵名跋陀婆罗。此菩萨于浴室依水之因缘而证圆通,依此因缘于浴室安置此菩萨。见“贤护”条。
浴池《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)为浴身所设之池塘也。印度为热国,故处处设之,以供澡浴之用。如东土之浴室。法华经曰:“流泉浴池,施佛及僧。”
浴鼓《佛学大辞典》
(物名)禅林报浴时之鼓也。
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