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Term Definition
磨司《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)见“磨院”条。
磨头《佛学大辞典》
(职位)禅林之语。掌米麦等之碾磨者。
磨洒《佛学大辞典》
(物名)Māṣa,又作摩沙。金宝名,比丘盗五磨洒,则当波罗夷。慧琳音义六十曰:“是西方市金宝之名也,其金一丸如梧桐子许大,名一磨洒。以东西两国通货价直约之,可直此方铜钱八十。其五磨洒计当四百。彼国土法,偷盗财物,计当五磨洒者,罪当永弃送于山林,任其生死。若盗一二三四磨洒,量罪别科,不至于弃。佛制戒一准王法,比丘所盗之物,价直五磨洒者,即名犯重,摈弃出家不共住也。古人译经错会,将一磨洒同于一钱,错之甚矣!佛言:我之教法,随方国土为制。若准此国王法,上从五帝三王,下及大唐王制,未闻盗五钱即合至死。(中略)盗五匹已上方至流别,贯百之间有杖,不至流贬。而言五钱犯重者伤其太急,难为护持。不觉破此戒者其数多矣!有部律文云:四百犯重者,由故严峻,于此国土制以校量宽猛,正得其中,合佛本制也。”百一羯磨一曰:“何况五磨洒,若过五磨洒。”注曰:“西方检问诸部律,皆同此名,断其重罪,不云五钱。此是贝齿计八十个名一磨洒,大数总有四百贝齿,一时离处方是犯盗,元不据钱。若译为五钱者,全乖本文。故存梵语。”
磨灭《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)物碾磨,则终消灭,谓有为法渐衰损,终消灭也。宝积经九十六曰:“须弥河海尽燋枯,毕竟磨灭归虚空。”无量寿经下曰:“威势无几,随以磨灭。”大乘义章九曰:“一切有为,无常磨灭。”中阿含经四十三曰:“欲者苦无常磨灭法。”
磨牛《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)挽臼石之牛也,彼磨牛只劳身形,以喻比丘之徒,身虽行道,而心无行道者。四十二章经曰:“佛言:沙门行道,无如磨牛。身虽行道,心道不行。心道若行,何用行道?”万善同归集二曰:“行道礼拜,未具真修。祖立客舂之愆,佛有磨牛之诮。”
磨砖《佛学大辞典》
(故事)磨砖欲成镜也。以示终不能成之意。传灯录曰:沙门道一,住传法院。常日坐禅。南岳让禅师往问曰:大德坐禅图什么?一曰:图作佛。师乃取一砖于彼庵前石上磨之。一曰:师作什么?师曰:磨作镜。一曰:磨砖岂能成镜耶?师曰:坐禅岂得作佛耶?
磨磨迦罗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Mamakāra,译曰我所。我所有也。见智度论四十八。
磨罗伽多《佛学大辞典》
(物名)见“摩罗伽陀”条。
磨衲《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)袈裟名。六祖坛经曰:“朕积善余庆,宿种善根。值师出世,顿悟上乘。感荷师恩顶戴无已,并奉磨衲袈裟及水晶钵。”标注曰:“或云:高丽国产,世所珍奇,未见其所由,可重考矣。”东坡全集磨衲赞序曰:“长老佛印大师了元,游京师,天子闻其名,以高丽所贡磨衲赐之。”鸡林志曰:“高丽国衣摩衲者为禅法师,衲甚精好。”书林扬觯曰:“磨衲二字,见梵经。元应一切经音义云:年少净行,上字从手,下字从糸。魏书卢景让传,有邢摩纳。今困学纪闻,从衣从石,误也。然东坡有磨衲赞,即指衲衣。”
磨贝《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)衣名。玄应音义十五曰:“磨贝,补盖反,西域衣名也。”
磨赖伽《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Mhrga,译曰道。见大日经疏五。
磨院《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)禅林之语。又曰磨下,磨司。舂米磨面之所也。
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